Our goal was to identify general risk factors associated with trocar bladder injury during a retropubic mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement and evaluate the effect of using the rigid catheter guide on cystotomy rates.
This is a retrospective cohort with nested case control study of 291 patients who underwent a MUS procedure between January 2002 and December 2012 at a single academic medical center. Logistic regression was used to conduct multivariate analysis to predict bladder injury.
There was no evidence that any of the hypothesized risk factors, including the use of the rigid catheter guide, were associated with a significant difference in rate of bladder injury during a retropubic MUS placement.
Eliminating the catheter guide from the operative procedure has the potential to reduce operative steps without necessarily increasing morbidity. This study is unable to detect small differences due to the low frequency of trocar injury and adjusting for covariates does not change these results. Therefore, further studies are needed confirm our conclusion.