Table 1: Ways and source of exposure to lead poisoning.

Environmental sources

Other sources

1. Interior or exterior paint, old putty, interior plaster, exterior decorative infrastructure (e.g., 'faux pewter' fencing)

8. Cosmetics and religious powders (e.g., 'Swad' brand Sindoor, a cosmetic product used in Hinduism); 'Tiro' eye cosmetic from Nigeria; 'Kohl' or 'Surma' eye cosmetics from Africa, Middle East or Asia); lead acetate hair dyes

2. Household lead-laden dust

9. Fishing sinkers, curtain weights, automobile wheel balancing weights, ammunition (including pellets), lead tools

3. Soil

10. Aviation gasoline ('Avgas' for small piston engine planes

4. Drinking water; household lead plumbing, standpipes, water mains, faucets, lead-soldered pipes

11. Novelty jewelry, charms, medallions

5. Parental occupations 'Take-Home' Lead (examples include construction, renovation, and demolition work, lead-paint abatement, pipe fitting and plumbing, battery manufacturing, mining, ship building or other marine work, e-scrap recycling)

12. Herbs and dietary supplements: Imported herbal products; dietary supplements (e.g. calcium); imported spices (e.g. turmeric); candy from Mexico (the ingredient 'tamarind' may contain lead)

6. Hazardous neighborhoods: homes located near lead-smelters, mining, nearby homes undergoing demolition, toxic waste sites, homes under bridges, homes near incinerators, battery recycling facilities

13. Soldering cans for beverages

7. Home renovations Novelty jewelry, charms, medallions Burning painted wood indoors Some imported toys, crayons, pewter figurines Antique cribs or furniture Aviation gasoline ('Avgas' for small piston engine planes

14. Plants cultivated in lead contaminated soil for human consumption