International Archives of Urology and Complications (IAUC) is an international peer-reviewed journal committed to promoting the best standards of scientific discoveries and scientific knowledge. IAUC is an open access journal explored article properly intended for approaching specialists who performs clinical, medical reviews, and does research on elaborate fields of Urology from scholarly open accessed attributes with specified sub fields of modern urology, andrology, female urology, reconstructive surgery, and medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiology, incontinence, transplantation, endourology, pathology, infertility, as well as relevant basic science issues and urology complications.

International Archives of Urology and Complications is an open access journal which provides elaborate author benefits along with reliable copy rights policy, and exceptional rebates. We are open to invite experts in the field to join our Editorial board of IAUC. IAUC also includes original empirical and theoretical research and trends to enable policy makers to make informed decisions, as well as to identify health care trends.

 
Journal Information

Title: International Archives of Urology and Complications

ISSN: 2469-5742

Editor-in-chief: Ajay Singla

NLM title abbreviation: Int Arch Urol Complic

ICV: 90.73

ISO abbreviation: Int Arch Urol Complic

Other titles: IAUC

Category: General Medicine

DOI: 10.23937/2469-5742

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email: contact@clinmedjournals.org

 
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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510074

Post PCNL Renal Pseudoaneurysm and AV Fistula: Single Institution Analysis

Ajay Anand

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 18, 2020

PCNL has been accepted as a minimally invasive gold standard treatment for renal calculi. Though PCNL is a minimally morbid procedure yet it is fraught with rare but significant complication of post-procedural hematuria. Massive hematuria due to renovascular injury has been reported in 0.3-1% of patients following PCNL. Persistent hematuria can be life-threatening if not managed on emergency basis. Almost all renal punctures for PCNL are associated with vascular injury - some trivial and self-re...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510073

Primary Melanoma of the Bladder at Puerperium: Case Report

Rubio Galisteo JM, Gomez Gomez E, Valero Rosa J, Salguero Segura J, Pineda Reyes B, Gonzalez T, Barbudo Merino J, Ruiz Garcia JM and Requena Tapia MJ

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 19, 2020

Primary malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder is a sporadic disease and very little described in the literature. A 39-years-old female at the end of her pregnancy without previous history of skin disease was presented with hematuria after cesarean and with constitutional syndrome. After the study, the patient was diagnosed with metastatic bladder melanoma. Other locations of primary injury were ruled out. The patient died a month and a half after the diagnosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510072

Chinese Traditional Cupping Therapy to Treat Fat Liquefaction at SNM Surgery - Case Report

Linxi Yang, Weilin Fang, Ying Wu and Jiayi Li

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2020

Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a minimally invasive technique to modulate spinal reflexes that influence the bladder, bowel, sphincter, and pelvic floor to improve and restore voiding and storage functions. It includes two phases of surgery and patients with symptomatic relief during stage I are permanently implanted with a sacral pulse generator. The most common adverse events are change in stimulation, implant site pain, and infection. However, there are no reports of fat liquefaction at the ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510071

Complications of Laparoscopic Versus Open Nephrectomy for Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis: A Contemporary Series

Neel Raval, Justin Benabdallah, Leslie Selden L, Joel Vetter, Ramakrishna Venkatesh R and Robert S Figenshau

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2020

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) has historically been managed with open nephrectomy. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, a small number of reports have evaluated the use of a laparoscopic approach in XGP, with variable results. We evaluated the complications of nephrectomy for XGP over the last 18 years. This represents one of the largest series to date comparing laparoscopic and open nephrectomy for XGP....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510070

Authors Response: Letter to Editor: Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-Urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019

Dalia Saidan, Veenu Tyagi, Paraskeve (Voula) Granitsiotis and Karen Guerrero

Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: April 08, 2020

It has come to our attention that a letter has been published following publication of our article, Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Units Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019, by one of our colleagues, and we would be grateful for an opportunity to reply. Our published paper relates to a small retrospective case-series of women undergoing surgery for management of their urinary tract mesh perforation only. It theref...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510069

Radical Prostatectomy versus External Beam Radiotherapy - Indication and the Way to the Decision: A Cumulative Non- Interventional Unicentric Retrospective Trial of about 20 Years

Wolf-Diether U Boehm, Rainer Koch, Michael Froehner, Stefanie Wenzel, Carmen Werner, Alexander Mehnert and Manfred P Wirth

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 06, 2020

From the clinical reality of a private consultation, a non-interventional, parallel, two-armed, non-randomized study was started in close cooperation with the Regional Clinical Cancer Register Dresden for the period 1996-2016, in order to objectively define the allocation algorithms for the primary therapy decision RPE vs. ERBT retrospectively in the curative setting for clinically, localized to locally advanced tumor. Furthermore, the implications of this decision on the result should be review...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510068

Letter to Editor: Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019

Wael Agur

Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: December 25, 2019

It appears all women who had urinary tract perforation following mesh tape in the study underwent partial (rather than total) removal surgery, including the 8 women whose devices had been in place for less than 8 weeks. It is relatively easy to totally remove a device that had been recently implanted, before scar tissue is matured and removal becomes difficult. It is not clear whether separate groin incisions were employed during surgery to achieve total removal of the women’s trans obturator ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510067

Effect, Adverse Events and Re-operations after Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator Surgery

Silja Maigaard Axelsen, Rikke Guldberg Sorensen, MD, PhD and Susanne Axelsen, MD, PhD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 18, 2019

Women with stress urinary incontinence can be offered an operation with mid-urethral sling. First, Tension- free vaginal tape was invented. Some years later, because of concerns about complications associated with this operation, the other minimally invasive procedure using the trans obturator procedure was introduced by Dr. J. de Leval in 2003. Since then, the diversity in methods gave rise to a discussion of both efficacy, complications and reoperations. In Denmark, the professional discussion...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510066

Nephrocutaneous Fistula after Microwave Thermal Ablation and Literature Review

Marius Anglickis, Giedre Anglickiene, Gintare Andreikaite, Lina Miklyciute and Edmundas Starolis

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 13, 2019

Nephrocutaneous fistula is a very rare complication of renal surgery. It may be associated with renal tumors, nonfunctional kidneys, staghorn calculi, renal trauma or chronic urinary tract infections. Because of widely used imaging techniques an early detection of small renal tumors has modified the management of kidney cancer. Nephron sparing surgical resection remains the standard of care for T1 tumors less than 7 cm. For patients who are not amenable for surgery, microwave thermal ablation (M...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510065

Retzius Sparing (RS) Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) and Retzius Space Reconstruction Technique after RARP Improve Urinary Continence Compared to Conventional RARP (C-RARP): Systematic Review and Metanalysis

William Pertuz Genes, Maria Claudia bicudo, Pablo Miranda Machado, Pericles Rios Auad, Liseth Echavez Pacheco, Hamilton de Campos Zampolli, Igor Nunes da Silva, Daniel Coser Gomes and Marcos Tobias-Machado

Article Type: Research article | First Published: November 25, 2019

Several parameters are important to evaluate good oncological and functional results after robotic prostatectomy. We hypothesize that preservation or reconstruction of Retzius space can be valuable for better results outcomes, especially in terms of early continence recovery. In October 2018, electronic searches were conducted in the following databases: Cochrane, EMBASE, PubMed and Google Scholar. Manual searches in the reference lists of all the reviews and the relevant studies were identified...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510064

Skull Metastasis in Prostate Cancer: A Compilation of Four Cases along with Review of the Literature

Brahima KIRAKOYA Fasnewinde Aristide KABORE, Babagana Mustapha ABUBAKAR, Mohamed SIMPORE, Bienvenue Desire KY and Aïssata OUEDRAOGO

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 06, 2019

Skull metastasis in prostate cancer is rare and is seen in advanced cases. We study four cases seen in our facility with the aim of identifying challenges in making diagnosis and treatment of these patients. We also reviewed the literature. This study involved four men age 55, 65, 66 and 69 years. In two cases, the skull metastases were discovered during evaluation for primary skull swelling, no lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) at presentation. In the other two cases, skull metastases were di...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510063

Hormonal Evaluation of Adrenal Tumors: What the Common General Practitioner Should Know

Bruno Costa do Prado, Gustavo Silva Schafascheck and Alana Rocha Puppim

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 17, 2019

Adrenal tumors may be a benign finding or imply a high level of morbidity and mortality due to their hormonal activity, or to a possible malignant histology. Medical literature indicates that this condition is due to the improvement of the technique and dissemination in a wide range of imaging methods, increasing considerably the diagnosis of adrenal nodules and its immediate treatment. When treating a patient with adrenal tumors, the main concern of the professional should be to establish if th...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510062

Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in Men Treated with Transurethral Resection of the Prostate for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

J Stangl-Kremser, S Bronimann, M Abufaraj, C Pozo, SF Shariat and G Schatzl

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019

Our cohort comprised 96 consecutive patients treated with TURP for obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic enlargement suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia. We collected relevant data of our cohort including demographic data, comorbidities, past medical history presence of preoperative indwelling transurethral catheter and histopathology of prostate chips after resection were assessed for each patient. Patients’ charts were also reviewed to ascertain the ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510061

Holmium Laser Lithotripsy: In-Vitro Investigation of Optimum Power Settings in Fragmentation, Dusting and Propulsion and Stone Breaking Times

Mehmet Solakhan

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019

An experimental urinary system model was created. Stones previously taken during the operation were used for the procedure. For this purpose, stones with Ca-oxalate and Ca-phosphate were used. Kidney and ureter model was prepared under laboratory conditions. Irrigation catheter with a lumen of 15 mm was used for the ureter model. 9F rigid ureterorenoscope (Storz/Germany) was used to reach the stone. DORNIER MEDILAS H SOLVO/30 W-Germany laser was used for stone crushing. 275 and 550 microfibers w...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510060

Case Report on Adult Wilms Tumor and Review of the Literature

Alvaro Sanchez Gonzalez, MD, Joseba Salguero Segura, MD, Victoria Gomez Dos Santos, PhD, Julia Carrasco Valiente, PhD, Ana Martinez Lopez, MD, Javier Burgos Revilla, PhD and Maria J Requena Tapia, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 07, 2019

On December 2014, elective left radical nephrectomy with loco-regional lymphadenectomy and right lobe partial hepatectomy was performed. Despite a good initial evolution, an urgent open hepaticojejunostomy was performed on the 4th postoperative day, as the patient started with elevation of cholestasis enzymes, as well as coluria and acolia, and CT scan described intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and pneumoperitoneum. Afterward, the patient evolved favorably, being discharged on January 2015....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510059

Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience

Dalia Saidan, Veenu Tyagi, Paraskeve (Voula) Granitsiotis and Karen Guerrero

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: June 01, 2019

Mesh perforation of the urinary-tract is a rare complication of midurethral tapes for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and transvaginal mesh for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We review the outcomes of women presenting to our tertiary service. This retrospective review identifies patients presenting to our unit between January 2011 - June 2017....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510058

Urinary Microbiome

Huseyin Ozgur Kazan, MD and Bulent Erol, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 13, 2019

Small microorganisms are colonised in various sites of human body including urinary tract. Although they could not be determined by standard culture techniques, up-to-date it has been suspected that urinary system is not out of any microorganisms. Simply, total of these microorganisms form urinary microbiome. Contribution to well being of tract or cause of diseases and which microorganisms play the role are questions to be answered. Bladder cancer recurrence, prostate cancer ethiology, relations...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510057

The Impact of the Rigid Catheter Guide on Trocar Injury during Mid-Urethral Sling Placement

Amin Tavakoli, BS, Azadeh Nasiri, MD and Felicia Lane, MD

Article Type: Research article | First Published: April 29, 2019

Our goal was to identify general risk factors associated with trocar bladder injury during a retropubic mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement and evaluate the effect of using the rigid catheter guide on cystotomy rates. This is a retrospective cohort with nested case control study of 291 patients who underwent a MUS procedure between January 2002 and December 2012 at a single academic medical center. Logistic regression was used to conduct multivariate analysis to predict bladder injury....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510056

Using Modified Clavien-Dindo's Classification System for Reporting Postoperative Complications of Transvesical Prostatectomy at Souro Sanou University Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina-Faso)

Adama Ouattara, Abdoul Karim Pare, Aristide F Kabore, Boukary Kabre, Amidou Bako and Mickael Rouamba

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 26, 2019

Hundred patients (100) presenting a complication after BPH surgery were included in this study in a total of 312 open prostatectomies performed. The post-operative complication rate was 32%. Seventy percent of the patients had at least one complication. Grade I and Grade II complications according to the modified Clavien's classification system were the most represented (87%). Two patients (2) died in the immediate postoperative period (Grade V). The presence of urethral catheter before surgery ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510055

Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder: Rare Entity Associated to Poor Prognosis

M Chraibi1 and M Barqui

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 08, 2019

Neuroendocrine Small cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor. Pure Small Cell Carcinoma is uncounted from 0.5 to 1% of all primitive urinary tumors. The diagnosis is based on transurethral resection. The old age, and smoking are putative risk factors. A genetic predisposition is unknown. Pure SCC of the bladder display metastasis and lymph nodes. Viscera and vertebral bones are the most common sites of the metastasis. Painless gross hematuria is the most common clinical featu...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510054

New Parameters in Evaluation of PSA Decrease after Antibiotherapy; PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5

Oktay OZMAN and Zubeyr TALAT

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 01, 2019

Antibiotherapy has shown a clinically significant decrease in PSA levels in some patients. However, the clinical benefit of this decrease, which would increase the diagnostic efficacy of PSA, has not yet been established. To our knowledge, PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5 (expected normalization time according to 2.5 ng/mL cut-off value) were unexamined parameters. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of PSA-ENT2.5 and PSA half-life after antibiotherapy for predicting prostate cancer...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510053

Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy in Patients with Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Initial Experience

Alper Bitkin and Lokman Irkilata

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 06, 2019

In this study, we evaluated the results of laparoscopic nephrectomy cases performed in patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma. Between July 2015 and December 2018, 14 patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for locally advanced renal tumor. The duration of operation, blood loss, duration of hospital stay, perioperative complications and follow-up time were evaluated. Nephrectomy improves survival in patients with locally advanced renal tumors. Although the laparoscopic approach ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510052

Endoscopic Vesicoureteral Reflux Treatment Outcomes in Patients with Voiding Dysfunction

Elif Altinay Kirli, Cagatay Dogan, Mehmet Hamza Gultekin, Zubeyr Talat and Bulent Onal

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 28, 2019

Voiding dysfunction (VD) increases the frequency of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Subureteric injection is an effective method for the treatment; however, the presence of VD may affect the success rates. This study evaluated the results of single-session endoscopic treatment in patients admitting with VD symptoms who were diagnosed with VUR, and the effect of compliance to VD treatment on these results. The data regarding patients who were being followed up for non-neurogenic VD diagnosis and who...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510051

A Brief Look at the Examination of Kidney Biopsies under Transmission Electron Microscope

Tolga Mercantepe

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: December 24, 2018

Ultrastructural examination using the transmission electron microscope (TEM) has been used for diagnostic purposes in the evaluation of renal pathologies for more than 40 years. Previous studies have reported that electron microscopic ultrastructural examination makes a contribution of at least 25% in the diagnosis of renal pathologies, particularly including glomerulopathies such as nephrotic syndrome and minimal change disease. Several new glomerulopathies such as human immunodeficiency virus ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510050

Penile Prosthesis Surgery in Italy: Personal Experiences, Complications and Considerations after 552 Cases

Diego Pozza, Mariangela Pozza and Carlotta Pozza

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 19, 2018

The Implant of Penile Prostheses (Silicone, Malleable, Inflatable) represents an efficient solution for patients affected by Erectile Dysfunction (ED) and penetrating incapacity who do not respond to the other treatment modalities (PDE5i, PGE1, Vacuum Systems). Patients with penile prostheses regain the spontaneity of intercourses without having to assume drugs, to introduce mechanically medical substances or to activate complex mechanisms. Just like the whole field of prosthetic surgery, introd...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510049

Female Hypospadias and Urinary Incontinence: Surgical Solution of a Little-Known Entity

Mario Lima, Niel Di Salvo, Tommaso Gargano and Giovanni Ruggeri

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 23, 2018

We describe the case of a female patient referred to our Institution for urinary incontinence likely due to hypospadias. As a matter of fact, her clinical history was way more complex. She was born at term, with no prenatal diagnostic suspicions. After toilet training achievement, between 2 and 3 years old, her mother noticed a continuous urinary dripping during day and night hours. Simultaneously, she started suffering from well-documented recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). She was firs...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510048

Adrenocortical Carcinoma in a Young Patient: Report of a Rare Case and Review of the Literature at King Abdulaziz University Hospital

Sultan Almuallem, Shahad Abualhamael, Hala Mosli, Hisham Mosli and Murad Aljiffry

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 31, 2018

Adrenocortical tumors are rare neoplasms with poor prognosis and with an incidence of one in one million population. They are categorized as either functional (hormone-secreting) or silent and as either benign or malignant. We are reporting a very rare case of huge (16 cm) adrenocortical carcinoma in a 19-years-old male patient who presented with a progressively increasing right abdominal mass and uncontrolled systemic blood pressure for 2 years. Clinical exam was unremarkable for syndromic feat...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510047

Supporting Evidence, Potential Adverse Effects, and known Drug Interactions of the Complementary Alternative Medicines which are Frequently used by Prostate Cancer Patients

Harmeet Deol, Alan Truong, Tibebe Woldemariam, Xiaodong Feng and Ruth Vinall

Article Type: Research article | First Published: October 18, 2018

A significant number of prostate cancer patients use complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) as an adjunct to their conventional treatment. Examples of CAMs that are frequently used by prostate cancer patients include green tea extract, lycopene, and pomegranate fruit extract. In many cases there is little if any clinical study-based evidence to support the efficacy of CAMs in this setting, and, importantly, some CAMs can cause serious adverse effects when taken a high doses and/or have signi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510046

Br, Fe, Rb, Sr, and Zn Levels in the Prostatic Secretion of Patients with Chronic Prostatitis

Vladimir Zaichick and Sofia Zaichick

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2018

Chronic prostatitis (CP) is an internationally important health problem of the man, particularly in developed countries. The aim of this exploratory study was to evaluate whether significant changes in the levels of Zn and some other trace elements of prostatic fluid exist in the inflamed prostate. Prostatic fluid levels of Br, Fe, Rb, Sr, and Zn were prospectively evaluated in 33 patients with CP and 42 healthy male inhabitants. Measurements were performed using 109Cd radionuclide-induced energ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510045

Penile Cancer: Case Report

Mehmet Solakhan and Ersan Bulut

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 11, 2018

Penile cancer is the most rarely observed cancer among male urogenital system tumors and is observed at an annual rate of 1/100000. Penile cancer risk increases significantly with increasing age, poor hygiene, and the presence of a foreskin. The most frequently observed type is the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Clinical examination of the inguinal lymph nodes is critical, as nodal involvement is a poor prognostic feature. Patients with T2 or higher-grade tumors and lymphovascular invasion are a...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510044

Case of Penile Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor in a Twenty-Year-Old Male with Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Orchid Djahangirian, Ngoc-Anh Tran, Lilibeth Torno and Antoine Khoury

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 11, 2018

The patient's past medical history was significant for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) that was treated at the age of three years with chemotherapy, total body irradiation and splenectomy and bone marrow transplantation. The patient was clinically diagnosed with NF1 on the basis of multiple café au lait macules, cutaneous neurofibromas, and axillary and inguinal freckling. At the age of 19 years, imaging performed to evaluate a two-week history of coughing revealed a right paratracheal ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510043

Pure Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder: An Extreme Rarity

Sanjay Kumar, Namita Bhutani, Sant Prakash Kataria and Rajeev Sen

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 19, 2018

Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is an extremely rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all cancers arising from the bladder. Since the tumor is very rare, pathogenesis is uncertain. The tumor shares similar histological features with the small cell carcinoma originating at the other sites in body. However, its similar clinical features like the conventional transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, tendency to present at a advanced stage and low immunoreactivity to the conventio...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510042

Case Report: Fournier Gangrene Following Circumcision

Faisal Ghumman, Carlon Fitzpatrick, Seemin Nazad, Mishal Iqbal, Haider Iftikhar and Danielle Alexander

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 13, 2018

D.T. a 42-year-old male with no significant past medical history underwent circumcision for recurrent Balanitis using the sleeve technique. The procedure was uncomplicated, however a few adhesions with hyper-vascularity were found between the foreskin and the glans. No antibiotic prophylaxis was given intraoperatively. Good haemostasis was achieved with bipolar diathermy....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510041

-2proPSA and Prostate Health Index Usefulness for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer for PSA Range between 3 and 10 ng/ml

J Juan Escudero, A Duran-Rivera, E Escudero, A Montoro, M Fabuel del Toro, M Ramos de Campos and E Lopez Alcina

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: Augsut 08, 2018

The prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a kallikrein protein family member and since the 1990s has been used as a biochemical marker for the early diagnosis of PCa. Since the introduction of PSA, we have witnessed the migration of this tumor to initial stages diagnosis, with a subsequent decrease in mortality. Even though PSA use is constantly challenged due to its low specificity, especially in what is known as the PSA grey area (between 4-10 ng/dL range), PSA is still the most utilized tumor ma...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510040

The Impact of ABO Blood Group on Biochemical Recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy

Shahait M, Fares S, Mukherji D, Hout M, Bachir BG, Khauli R and Bulbul MA

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 11, 2018

The ABO antigens are expressed on the surface of red blood cells, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells. The association between different ABO blood group and several conditions such as VTE, CAD, and several neoplasms is well documented in the literature. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of ABO blood group on the biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510039

Suture Technique and Complications following Paediatric Testicular Fixation

Caroline Smith and Prasad Godbole

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 25, 2018

Testicular torsion occurs in 1:4000 males between the ages of 11 and 16 years of age (original data). In the case of detorsion and salvage of testes bilateral fixation is to be recommended due to the anatomical configuration predisposing to intra-vaginal rotation around the suspensory cord containing the testicular vessels. Though fixation is mandated by BAPU and ESPU references method of fixation remains surgeon preference....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510038

Is Routine Uroflowmetry Necessary following Hypospadias Repair?

Caroline Smith and Prasad Godbole

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 25, 2018

Uroflow parameters post hypospadias repair are known to remain poor initially but most improve with time. There is a recognised group of patients who develop late deterioration of flow and may require surgical intervention, but at present there are no standardised guidelines as to length and nature of follow up....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510037

Outcome of Varicoceles Scrotal Sclerotherapy in Infertile Patients with Recurrent Varicocele

Mazen A Ghanem, Essa A Adawi, Manal A Safan and Ashraf A Ghanem

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 14, 2018

A total of 54 patients with persistent or recurrent varicocele and impaired semen quality underwent ASS for the treatment of a varicocele. The parameters for evaluation every 6 months after redo surgery included semen parameters, serum levels of inhibin B, FSH, total testosterone, testicular volume, postoperative complications and spontaneous pregnancy rates....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510036

Role of High Midline Levator Myorrhaphy in Prolapse Repair: Long-Term Results

Yuefeng (Rose) Wu, Alana L Christie, Feras Alhalabi and Philippe E Zimmern

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 07, 2018

Pelvic organ prolapses (POP) is widely prevalent and leads to more than 300,000 surgeries in the United States costing more than $1 billion annually. Vaginal vault prolapses (VP), prolapse of the vaginal apex, can be a result of cardinal and utero-sacral ligaments laxity and/or damage. The risk of VP increases with advancing age and number of vaginal deliveries. VP has a prevalence of 0.2% to 43% in various studies, with a recurrent prolapse rate of 5 to 34% and reoperation rate of 5-26% dependi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510035

A Randomized Double-Blind Crossover Trial of Intradetrusor Injection of Botulinum A Toxin for Severe and Refractory Idiopathic Detrusor Overactivity in Women

Paul Duggan

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 08, 2017

Intradetrusor injection of onabotulinum A toxin (BTX-A) is an effective regimen for the highly prevalent condition in women of overactive bladder. The optimal dose of BTX-A has not been definitively established. Women (n = 13) with overactive bladder including urge incontinence refractory to at least two different oral/transdermal anticholinergic regimens and who had idiopathic detrusor overactivity were randomized to 100-unit and 200-unit doses utilizing a double-blinded crossover design....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510034

Embolization in the Treatment of a Major Retropubic Hemorrhage Following Tension-Free Vaginal Tape: A Case Report and Literature Review

Margrethe Foss Hansen, Mads Henrik Carstensen, Jens Prien-Larsen and Lars Alling-Møller

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 20, 2017

55-year-old para 2 woman was brought to the emergency department following insertion of a tension-free vaginal tape complaining of lower abdominal pain and vertigo. The subsequent angiography localized a significant bleeding from the right obturator artery and a retropubic hematoma 17.5 cm × 10.0 cm in size....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510033

Evaluation of Functional Bladder Recovery in Patients with a Chronic Foley Catheter for Urinary Retention: A Randomized, Prospective, Blind and Comparative Study with 18 Months of Follow-up

João Antonio Pereira-Correia, Rodrigo Furtado Miranda, Gustavo Fiedle, Marco Antonio de Azambuja Corsetti and Valter José Fernandes Muller

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2017

To analyze the repercussions of chronic Foley catheter use in patients with urinary retention on the functional recovery of the bladder following corrective surgery....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510032

Aggressive Angiomyxoid Tumour - A Very Rare Pathologic Finding in the Urinary Bladder Co-existing with Pregnancy

OBI-NJOKU OBINNA, Coscione Alberto and Hiten Patel

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 02, 2017

The bladder is an uncommon site for an aggressive Angiomyxoid tumour. We present a case of a 23-year-old primigravida who suffered no urinary symptoms and was referred due to an incidental bladder finding on ultrasound scan and went on to have a rigid cystoscopy and resection of lesion which was confirmed by histology to be an aggressive Angiomyxoid tumour....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510031

Bilateral Renal Papillary Hypertrophy: A Rare Cause of Benign Essential Hematuria Endoscopic Diagnosis and Management

Alexander Birk, Achanking Afiadata and Jyoti Upadhyay

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2017

Benign essential hematuria is an idiopathic gross hematuria of renal origin without evidence of radiographic, histologic, or functional abnormalities of the kidney. Although the natural history for benign essential hematuria often is spontaneous resolution of symptom, some severe cases may require treatment for control of persistent hematuria....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510030

Case Report about a Primary Bladder Lymphoma

Nina Combaz and Annette Kuhn

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2017

Primary isolated bladder lymphoma represents around 0.2% of all extranodal Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma and less than 1% of all bladder tumours. Clinical representation may be unspecific and correct diagnosis is essential for the appropriate treatment....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510029

Abdominal Approach for Vesicovaginal Fistulas: Outcomes and Risk Factors for Failure

Amy Y Li, Joseph E Papin, Anne M Suskind, Anne P Cameron, J Quentin Clemens and John T Stoffel

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2017

We retrospectively examined surgical outcomes for Vesicovaginal Fistulas (VVF) repaired through an abdominal, transperitoneal approach. Failure of VVF repair was defined as any urine leakage from the repaired fistula tract after hospital discharge....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510028

Serious Complication after Laser Treatment of Ureterocele in an Infant

Stanislaw Warchol and Teresa Dudek

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 24, 2017

Endoscopic decompression has been recently suggested as the first line treatment of ureterocele in children, including laser transurethral incision. We report a case of a unique but very serious complication after simple ureterocele puncture using a holmium laser in an infant....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510027

Managing the Elderly with Urinary Incontinence and Dementia

Si Ching LIM

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2017

The elderly patients with dementia are often challenging to manage, especially if they have urinary incontinence. There are many causes for urinary incontinence and among the elderly with dementia, the problem is often not related to abnormalities of the lower urinary tract....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510026

Impact of Pneumoperitoneum on the Post-Operative Renal Function and Level of Acute Kidney Injury Markers: Comparison between Laparoscopic and Open Nephrectomy

Amjad Shalabi, Omri Nativ, Mustafa Sumri, Bishara Bishara, Wisam Khoury, Hoda Awad, Ofer Nativ and Zaid Abassi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 24, 2017

As laparoscopic surgery becomes more widespread, understanding the adverse effects of pneumoperitoneum becomes more important, especially in patients subjected to laparoscopic unilateral nephrectomy. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of pneumoperitoneum on the remnant kidney after laparoscopic nephrectomy compared to open surgery....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510025

Orchitis the Strange, the Rare and the Unusual: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Pace Gianna, Benzone Stefano and Pola Lisa

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 07, 2017

Orchitis are classified as granulomatous and non-granulomatous orchitis. Several agents are responsible for inflammatory and infective diseases of the testis, causing orchitis. The most common clinical features are scrotal swelling, mass and/or pain. The diagnosis is mainly histological because clinical and sonographic aspects may be not conclusive....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510024

Ureterocele: Review of Presentations, Types and Coexisting Diseases

Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 07, 2017

Ureterocele is swelling in one of the ureters that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder, which can block urine flow. An ureterocele usually occurs in the lower part of the ureter, where the ureter enters the bladder. Ureteroceles are equally common in both left- and right-side ureters. Some persons with ureteroceles are asymptomatic. Often, the diagnosis is made later in life due to kidney stones....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510023

Aspermia: A Review of Etiology and Treatment

Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 18, 2017

Aspermia is the complete lack of semen with ejaculation, which is associated with infertility. Many different causes were reported such as infection, congenital disorder, medication, retrograde ejaculation, iatrogenic aspemia, and so on. The main treatments based on these etiologies include anti-infection....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510022

The Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Andrology

Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 13, 2017

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is a supplemental treatment, in addition to the converntional approach, for patients with an underlying ischemic process. In Andrology, HBO is a therapeutic approach supplemental to surgical and medical options for some patients, mainly reported in the treatment of perineal necrotizing fasciitis (Fournier's gangrene). There were also case reports of successful management using the HBO therapy for posttraumatic ischemic injury, infertility caused by varicocele, hyd...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510021

Ileus as First Sign of De Novo Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer

Mads Ryo Jochumsen, Bjorn Agerbo Sahlholdt and Jorgen Bjerggaard Jensen

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2017

A 73-year-old man with almost no previous medical history was admitted acute with stomach pain, distended abdomen, stop of defecation and feculent vomiting. The patient had been constipated for three months and about a month before admission, a coloscopy was performed presenting no findings. Computed Tomography (CT) showed mechanical bowel obstruction and a huge malignantly transformed prostate gland as the triggering cause....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510020

New Insights into the Chemical and Isotopic Composition of Human-Body Biominerals. II: COM Kidney Stones from Greece

Dimitra Athanasiadou, Athanasios Godelitsas, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Andreas-Germanos Karydas, Elisavet Dotsika, Stelios Xanthos and Maria Gamaletsou

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 10, 2017

Kidney stone disease (urolithiasis) is a serious health problem, involving more than 5% of the population, especially in developing countries. Urolithiasis, the formation of urinary calculi in the kidney, bladder and/or urethra, can be attributed to several risk factors related to geographical region, gender and dietary habits....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510019

Age-Related Changes in Concentration and Histological Distribution of 54 Trace Elements in Nonhyperplastic Prostate of Adults

Vladimir Zaichick and Sofia Zaichick

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 18, 2016

Objective: To clarify a possible role of prostatic trace elements in an etiology of age-dependent gland diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Methods: The variation with age of the 54 trace elements concentration in prostatic parenchyma and the relationship of these trace elements with basic histological structures of nonhyperplastic prostate glands of 65 subjects aged 21-87 years was investigated by an instrumental neutron activation analysis combined with inductive...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510018

The Effect of Prostate Biopsy on Erectile Functions

Ali Atan, Ersin Koseoglu and Altug Tuncel

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 26, 2016

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy among men in the United States of America (USA). Tissue samples should be taken from different parts of prostate by transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy (TPND) and these samples should be examined histopathologically for the diagnosis of PCa. In recent years, the serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) measurement and number of prostate biopsies performed have become more frequent....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510017

Factors Predicting Pleural Complication Following Upper Pole Access Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

Treewattanakul C, Kittirattakarn P, Chongruksut W and Lojanapiwat B

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 20, 2016

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) via upper-pole access can be achieved either supracostally and subcostally. The supracostal access is associated with a higher rate of pulmonary complication. We studied the factors, which predict the pulmonary complication following upper pole access PCNL and postoperative outcomes of patients with pulmonary complication....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510016

Tubo-Ovarian Abscess in Second Trimester of Pregnancy after Transvaginal Oocyte Retrieval: Challenges in Management

Andrikopoulou M, Apostol DO R, Becker A and FR Nezhat

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 05, 2016

A 39-year-old primigravida female presented at 16 weeks gestation, with new onset of severe abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting. Her medical history was significant for infertility and ovarian endometrioma during oocyte retrieval. Current gestation was complicated by an emergent laparoscopy with drainage of a ruptured endometrioma in the first trimester. On examination, she had acute abdomen and sonogram showed a viable pregnancy and a 10 cm left adnexal mass. Emergent laparoscopy was perfor...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510015

Mesothelioma of the Tunica Vaginalis Testis: Case Report and Review

Ruiz Hernandez M, Fabuel Alcaniz JJ, Gutierrez-Pecharroman AM, Romio de las Heras E, Rodriguez-Patron Rodriguez R, Varona Crespo C and Burgos Revilla FJ

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 20, 2016

A 93-year-old man with chronic hydrocele and no history of asbestos exposure underwent a hydrocelectomy, which revealed several nodules in the tunica vaginalis. The histopathological diagnosis was malignant mesothelioma, requiring a second procedure. A radical inguinal orchiectomy with hemiscrotectomy was performed, reporting tumor-free surgical margins; therefore, no adjuvant treatments were given. Three months postoperative, the patient continued asymptomatic, scrotal examination was normal, a...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510014

Anatomic, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Circumcision Accidents in Yaounde, Cameroon

Mouafo Tambo FF, Ditope JJ, Fossi G, Fadi S, Nyanit Bob D, Mbouche L, Andze OG and Sosso MA

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 06, 2016

This was a retrospective and descriptive study, of all children who presented with complications related to circumcision over a period of 10 years, dating from (September 2005 to September 2015) at the pediatric surgery service of the Yaounde Gyneco-obstetric and Pediatric hospital. Included in this study were all male children patients aged between 0 to 15 years managed for a circumcision accidents in our center. Excluded from the study were; circumcision accidents that occurred in patients wit...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510013

Penile Subcutaneus Stone Implant: An Unusual Case Report

Serdar Toksoz and Yalcin Kizilkan

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2015

Men in some areas of Asia have a long history of inserting or implanting various objects into their penises. Artificial penile implant are inert objects inserted beneath the skin of the penis. Objects placed under the skin of the penile shaft may include plastic beads made from toothbrushes, silicon, metal pellets, glass, ivory, precious metals, marbles or pearls. Some men believe that penile implants enhance the sexual pleasure. Subdermal implants placed under the skin of the penis can provide ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510012

Salvage Buccal Urethroplasty after Prior Open Intervention: 10 Year Experience

Mimi Zhang, Benjamin Carpenter, Richard Bihrle and Matthew J Mellon

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2015

Urethral stricture disease is a complex urologic problem with multiple etiologies and multiple surgical approaches. Although there is no one single technique employed for all types of strictures, buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty (BMU) has proven to be a versatile surgical option for the reconstructive urologist since its first use in the 1940s. Although there are multiple large, single-center experiences with buccal urethroplasty, only recently have short and long term results become available...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510011

Unmasking of an Ectopic Ureter after Insertion of Tension-Free Vaginal Tape

Stephanie BM Tan, Greg Malone and Judith TW Goh

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 23, 2015

Ectopic ureters draining into a place other than the posterior-lateral aspect of the trigone is uncommon. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with the classic symptoms of normal voiding associated with continuous urinary leakage. We present a case of an adult female whose ureteric duplication was unmasked after insertion of tension free vaginal tape (TVT)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510010

An Unusual Cause of Massive Hematuria: Arterio-Ureteral Fistula, and Review of the Literature

Andrea Orosa Andrada, Ines Laso Garcia, Francisco de Asis Donis Canet, Jose Javier Fabuel Alcaniz, Luis Lopez-Fando Lavalle and Francisco Javier Burgos Revilla

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 21, 2015

Arterio-ureteral fistula is an uncommon diagnosis with a high rate of mortality. An early diagnosis is the key for a successful treatment and should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with unexplained hematuria. We report a clinical case and a review of the literature....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510009

Prostate Cancer Survivorship: A Systematic Review

Sanchia S Goonewardene, Young A and R. Persad

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2015

Background: Due to advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment, the number of prostate cancer survivors is increasing. Yet, with this expanding cohort of patients, very little has been done to develop services. Objective: A systematic review was conducted to explore prostate cancer survivorship issues. This analysis will inform development of interventions. Discussion: The literature is reviewed and the way forward for survivorship discussed. We also identify possible themes for research....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510008

Late Complications of Duplex System Ureterocele; Acute Urinary Retention, Stone Formation and Renal Atrophy

Sipal Timucin Akdere Hakan and Bumin Ors

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 14, 2015

A 49- year-old woman was admitted to emergency department with a complaint of acute urinary retention. The investigation of the patient revealed right duplex system anomaly, ureterocele containing multiple stones and atrophic right kidney. After reliefing her urinary retention, endoscopic ureterocele de-roofing, two dj stents insertion and stones extraction were performed. The symptoms of the patient were relieved after treatment. The patient was asymptomatic at six month follow-up visit. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510007

Female Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) Surgery. Results at 24-Month Follow-Up

Rosita Aniuliene, Povilas Aniulis, Lina Slabsyte and Titas Telksnys

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 09, 2015

Women pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common pathology in urogynaecology. Given the fact that women's lifespan is increasing and society is aging, this disorder is becoming more relevant, moreover, it is embarrassing for the women involved. Literature points out that pelvic organ prolapse is common in middle age women and occurs in 50% of parous women, however, not all women require surgical intervention. Approximately, from 11 to 20% of all women may have the risk of surgical treatment for POP...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510006

Importance of Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening before and after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Intravesical Bladder Instillation Treatment to Avoid Unnecessary Prostate Biopsy

Takehiko Okamura, Hidetoshi Akita, Kenji Yamada, Takahiro Kobayashi, Ryosuke Ando, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa and Takahiro Yasui

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 29, 2015

The adverse effects of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) intravesical instillation therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) vary widely, and can include BCG-induced prostatitis. In contrast, prostate cancer may occasionally develop along with bladder cancer. Therefore, if prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels increase after BCG therapy, a prostate biopsy should be performed to exclude prostate cancer....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510005

Repeated Intradetrusor Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections are Still Effective for Patients with Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity Secondary to Spinal Cord Injury in China

Hui Chen, Xing Hua Yang, Jing Wen Zeng, Ma Ping Huang, Qiu Ling Liu, Jie Bing Huang, Tian Hai Huang, Ke Ji Xi and Chong He Jiang

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 20, 2015

Objective: To assess effective outcomes following repeated treatment with intradetrusor botulinum toxin type an in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Methods: Patients with NDO secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI) were enrolled. Botulinum toxin type A 200 U detrusor injections by a rigid cystoscope were repeated....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510004

Outcomes of Two Different Meshes for Treatment of POP with a Concomitant Midurethral Sling for SUI: a Retrospective Cohort Study at 2 Years Postoperatively

Chenghe Wang, Zhong Chen, Guanghui Du, Tao Wang, Weimin Yang and Zhangqun Ye

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2015

Patients had pelvic organ prolapse (POP) often suffered stress urinary incontinence (SUI) simultaneously. We evaluated the outcomes of two different kits, Prosima and Avaulta pelvic repair systems, with a concomitant midurethral sling by treating the disease and compared the efficacies in a single center....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510003

A Comparison of Prostatic Acinar Adenocarcinoma Gleason 3+4 versus 4+3 in Different Laboratory Practice Settings

Celia Maria Jesuino Bittencourt, Daniel Abensur Athanazio, Andreia Carvalho dos Santos, Erica Curvelo Dantas Senna, Tania Maria Correia Silva and Luiz Antonio Rodrigues de Freitas

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2015

Objective: To evaluate Gleason 7 tumors from radical prostatectomy specimens that were stratified by 3+4 and 4+3 status, focusing on the clinical and morphologic features. Methods and results: In the first series of 20 Gleason 7 tumors processed by total embedding, cases with 4+3 status were associated with a higher proliferation index. In a second series of 106 Gleason 7 tumors processed by partial embedding, 4+3 status was associated with higher preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen lev...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510002

Male Sling: A Decade Later

Ajay Singla

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 28, 2015

Urethral compression provided by a male sling is not a new concept. A variety of urethral compression procedures have been applied in an attempt to control urinary incontinence over the years. Most notable were the Kaufman procedures which used silicone gel prosthesis to compress the ventral urethra....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510001

Fournier's Gangrene and Prognostic Scoring Systems

Bulent Erol

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 17, 2015

A Fournier's gangrene (FG), a life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis of the male and female genitourinary tract was first described in the 1883. FG is an uncommon necrotizing fasciitis of genitalia and perineum that has high mortality and morbidity. Many predisposing factors have been reported, including perianal disease, urethral stricture, local trauma, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy. Systemic diseases such as cardiac failure, hypertension, and renal insufficiency may have an adverse effect...

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ClinMed Journals Index Copernicus Values

Clinical Medical Image Library: 93.51

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine: 92.83

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine: 91.84

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness: 91.79

Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Treatment: 91.73

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology: 91.55

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology: 91.55

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports: 91.40

International Archives of Nursing and Health Care: 90.87

International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research: 90.80

International Archives of Urology and Complications: 90.73

Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Renal Care: 90.33

Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention: 89.99

Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment: 89.54

Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy: 89.34

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology: 89.24

International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology: 88.88

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews: 88.42

International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders: 88.22

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research: 87.97




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