The Contribution of Susceptibility-weighted Imaging (SWI) in Occult Cerebral Vascular Malformations in Pediatric Patients
Neslin Sahin, Aynur Solak and Liya Alkılıc
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 26, 2015
Occult cerebral vascular malformations (CVM) include cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM), developmental venous anomalies, and cerebral capillary telangiectasias (CCT). Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has low sensitivity in visualizing these angiographically invisible low-flow vascular lesions. Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), a novel high spatial resolution gradient echo MRI sequence with both phase and magnitude information, is exquisitely sensitive to blood products and ...
Right Sided Approach for a Pacemaker Insertion in the presence of Persistent Left Sided Superior Vena Cava: A Pacing Challenge
Edupuganti Mohan Mallikarjuna Rao, Hakan Paydak and Jawahar Mehta
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 25, 2015
Persistent Left sided superior vena cava is a rare congenital anomaly that can complicate a variety of cardiac procedures. We present a patient where a persistent superior vena cava was encountered unexpectedly during routine pacemaker insertion. The condition was diagnosed on the table and greatly lengthened the operating time. Given the situation and an absence of a pre procedure diagnosis the surgeon had to be innovative and invent approaches to navigate the complex anatomy on the spot....
Symptomatic Cervical Perineural (Tarlov) Cyst: A Case Report
Zibis H. Aristeidis, Fyllos C. Apostolos and Arvanitis L Dimitris
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 23, 2015
Introduction: Perineural cysts, also known as Tarlov cysts, are benign cerebrospinal fluid-filled cysts of the spinal cord. They were first described by IM Tarlov in 1938. Case presentation: We describe a Tarlov cyst located in the cervical spine, a location quite rare in literature. The patient is a 44-year-old woman who presented with a 3-week history of radicular symptoms of the right C6 root. A perineural cyst was identified at the C5-6 level after Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the cervical ...
Ruptured Intracranial Teratoma: A Case Report and Literature Review
Luis R. Romero, Betty Y. Chen, Miguel A. Guzman, Yihua Zhou, Jin-Ping Lai and Fang Xiang Chen
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 20, 2015
Teratomas are germinal cell tumors originating from all three germ cell layers. When intracranial in location, they typically occur in the pineal or suprasellar regions. Ruptured intracranial teratomas are exceedingly rare. The authors report a case of a 34-year-old woman with a ruptured fourth ventricular mature teratoma that was treated with open surgery. The patient initially presented complaints of headache, nausea, and dizziness....