Dapagliflozin- Induced Severe Ketoacidosis Requiring Hemodialysis
Ossama Maadarani, Zouheir Bitar and Rashed Alhamdan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 26, 2016
The availability of novel classes of medication for the treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) provides doctors with options to choose individualized treatments based on patient and agent characteristics beyond metformin therapy, as per current guidelines. Independent of impaired beta-cell function and insulin resistance, sodium glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors represent a different treatment strategy for reducing plasma glucose levels and glycosylated hemoglobin concen...
Isolated Limb Infusion in a Pregnant Patient with Sarcoma of the Upper Extremity: A Case Report with Literature Review
Milovanov V, Wodago FM, Sittig M and Gushchin V
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 19, 2016
Several scientific publications have shown Isolated Limb Infusion (ILI) as a promising treatment option for patients with soft tissue sarcomas. This minimally invasive technique has a high complete response rate (42-90%) and could serve as a neo-adjuvant treatment for limb sparing sarcoma surgical treatment to increase the likelihood of R0 resection. ILI technique has low levels of systemic leak (< 1%) and systemic toxicity rate, which makes this treatment potentially relevant in pregnant patien...
An İncidental Findings of Polysplenia Syndrome in an Adult Patient with Multiple Anomalies
Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Ali Cengiz, Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Ismet Tolu and Arzu Cengiz
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 16, 2016
Polysplenia syndrome is a rare congenital subtype of heterotaxy syndrome associated with various visceral and vasculer anomalies. Polysplenia syndrome is characterized by presence of two or more spleens and anomalies of other asymetric organs. It is reported incidence of 1 per 250.000 and more common in females. Here, we report the case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with polysplenia syndrome....
A Case of Pyonephrosis of an Obstructed Atrophic Kidney
Fareeha Khan, Rasha Nakhleh and Theodore Suh
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 12, 2016
This case is of a 67-year-old male who presented to the office with multiple symptoms and was treated for a variety of infections before the correct diagnosis of pyonephrosis in the setting of chronic ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction was made....
Outcome of Some of the Many Aedes Albopictus (Skuse, 1895) Mosquito Encounters with Man
Daniel Benharroch and Yane-Bianca Benharroch
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 03, 2016
Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito, has lately become prominent, globally, while showing a marked "migratory" capacity. We have scrutinized the many consequences of the encounters between the Asian tiger mosquito and humans, and have chosen to review several of them. It seems inevitable that this mosquito be more and more present in our lives. It is a tremendous nuisance to man through its bite. However, several arboviral infections are the main consequences of these confrontations, enco...
Adult Rasmussen's Encephalitis
Campanille Veronica, De Aguirre Ines, Crespo Jose, Gonzalez Macarena, Lopez Juan Ignacio, Lucero Carolina, Perez Garcia Jorgelina and Knorre Eduardo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 01, 2016
Rasmussen's Encephalitis (RE) is defined by the presence of partial seizures associated to focal progressive cortical atrophy and in advanced stages hemiparesis, hemianopia and cognitive impairment, though it may appear focal neurological deficits at onset; and it's more prevalent in childhood. Approximately, 10% presents at adulthood. Because of its immunologic physiopathology, RE is considered autoimmune epilepsy. Treatment is focused on antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), steroids, intravenous immuno...