Effect of Race/Ethnicity and Smoking on Diurnal Variations in Testosterone Levels
Ram B Jain
Article Type: Research article | First Published: December 10, 2015
The effect of race/ethnicity and smoking on diurnal variations in total serum testosterone level (T-TST) was evaluated by analyzing data from NHANES for 2011-2012 for adolescent and adult males. For adolescent males, diurnal variability in T-TST levels was substantially smaller among smokers than nonsmokers for non-Hispanic white (NHW) and Hispanics but the reverse was true for non-Hispanic black (NHB). For adult males, morning levels of T-TST were 21-31% higher than the T-TST levels during even...
Thyroid Profile of the Reference United States Population: Data from NHANES 2007-2012
Ram B Jain
Article Type: Research article | First Published: November 16, 2015
Objective: This study was undertaken to describe the thyroid profile of reference U.S. population including generating reference ranges for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free and total triiodothyronine (FT3, TT3), free and total thyroxine (FT4, TT4), and thyroglobulin. Design and methods: Publically available data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the cycles 2007-2012 were analyzed for this purpose....
Hypercalcemia, an Uncommon Presentation of Hyperthyroidism
Fathimabeebi PK, Noor Bader Al Busaidi and Mohamed Al Lamki
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 13, 2015
Background: Moderate to severe hypercalcemia associated with hyperthyroidism is not very common and can raise a diagnostic challenge to the treating physician. Objective: To present a case of thyrotoxicosis manifested with symptoms of hypercalcemia and resolution of symptoms after rendering euthyroid. Method: We report the case of a 61 year old Omani gentleman, who presented with symptoms of hypercalcemia like weight loss (10 kg) with poor appetite, constipation and depression as first manifesta...
Growth-Differentiation Factor-15 at Risk Stratification in Diabetes Patients: Usefulness, Discrepancies, and Hype
Alexander E. Berezin
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: September 17, 2015
Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive cytokine, which belongs to super family of the transforming growth factor beta. GDF-15 is widely presented in the various cells (macrophages, vascular smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts), tissues (adipose tissue, vessels, tissues of central and peripheral nervous system) and organs (heart, brain, liver, placenta) and it plays an important role in the regulation of the inflammatory respon...
Energy Intake, Dietary Habits and Life Style in Obese School Children with Dyslipidemia in the UAE
Asma Deeb, Rawan Al Hazaimeh, Salima Attia, Abubaker ElFatih, Omar Afandi and Nico Nagelkerke
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 28, 2015
The incidence of obesity in children is increasing. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), childhood overweight and obesity reached up to 25% of the population. In addition, UAE has become one of the highest countries in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Various forms of life style behavior and dietary habits have contributed to obesity and the development of the metabolic syndrome. We aim to study energy intake, dietary habits and life style behavior in obese children with dyslipidemia in the UAE ...