Coronal Mentoplasty: Complementary Technique in Orthognathic Surgery: Cases Report
Francisco Yévenes, Gastón Salas, Jorge Lolas, Emilio Moreno and Pedro Solé
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 13, 2021
Both vertical and horizontal maxillo-mandibular discrepancies lead to poor positioning of the tissues, causing alterations in functionality and aesthetics, which today are corrected with increasingly specific procedures. Mentoplasty allows modifying the anatomy of the chin in the 3 senses of space. There are cases in which a receding Mentoplasty or Genioplasty cannot be performed, either due to very prominent chins, which cannot be raised to the chin because there are no vertical alterations cau...
Lymphangioma of the Tongue Revisited
Ahmed Hassan Kamil Mustafa, MSC, FFDRCSI
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: October 08, 2021
Lymphangioma is a benign, congenital hamartomatous malformation of the lymphatic system, it is more common in the head and neck region. Oral lymphangiomas are rare but if it occurs, the tongue is the most commonly affected site, rarely on other sites such as the palate, gingiva, and alveolar ridge of the mandible. This study aims to throw light on lymphangioma of the tongue regarding pathogenesis, clinical signs and symptoms, and the different treatment modalities. Although lymphangioma is benig...
Implant Therapy of Non-Syndromic Severe Oligodontia: A Clinical Report
Luis Gabriel Ladino, DDS and Diego Rosselli, MD, EdM, MSc
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 06, 2021
A healthy, 23-year-old, nonsmoking, partially edentulous woman was referred to prosthodontist private practice in Bogota, Colombia, with the complaint of malocclusion, and an unattractive smile resulting from absence of some teeth. She had received fixed orthodontic treatment. She never used prostheses and refused using removable partial denture. Clinical, intraoral, and radiographic examinations were performed, and diagnostic casts were made. Intraoral status revealed absence of all lateral inc...
Odontogenic Infection. Review of the Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, Complications and Treatment
Roberto Ortiz and Vanessa Espinoza
Article Type: Literature Review | First Published: August 12, 2021
Odontogenic infections are frequently seen in the dental practice, being dental caries its main etiology; therefore, dentists should be familiarized with its presentation and management as it can spread rapidly and have serious consequences. The purpose of this article is to provide essential knowledge on the pathogenesis, diagnosis, possible complications and treatment of odontogenic infections. Odontogenic infection (OI) is defined as those infections that originate from pulpal or periodontal ...
Efficacy of Combined Treatment Methods Used For Alveolar Osteitis
Gagik Hakobyan, DMSc, PhD, Lazar Yessayan, DMSc, PhD, Gagik Khachatryan, Vilen Seyranyan, Davit Mathevosyan, PhD and Tunyan Gegham
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 05, 2021
The 87 patients with alveolar osteitis were selected for the study (from 2017 to 2020). Clinical and radiological methods were used to evaluation socket. To conduct a comparative analysis of the treatments results, two groups were formed: Group I is represented by 44 patients with alveolar osteitis received complex treatment with the inclusion of hyaluronic acid (HA) and magnetic-laser therapy. The II group is represented by 43 patients, with alveolar osteitis received treatment without the incl...
Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia of the Mandible: A Case Report and Literature Review
Nicolás Yáñez, Maximiliano Bravo and Francisco Javier Pinedo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 05, 2021
A 47-years-old female patient was referred to our unit due to an incidental radiographic finding of a mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion in the right mandible ramus. Complementary blood tests, an updated panoramic radiography and a cone beam computed tomography were performed. The incisional biopsy’s histopathological report described a craniofacial monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. The fibrous dysplasia is a low prevalence fibroosseous lesion that can affect one or more bones, ca...
Intra-Oral Incision in Facial Cellulitis without Fluctuation: A Case Report
Sarah Arafat, M.Sc, Mona Abdel Aziz, M.Sc, Heba A Shawky, PhD and Ahmed M Salloum, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021
A 14-years-old girl was admitted to the emergency department of Alexandria university hospital, suffering from facial cellulitis, closing her left eye, without fluctuation trismus, dysphagia and fever for 2 days. It was assumed by the physicians who examined her that the cause of facial cellulitis is ophthalmic infection, and was given antibiotic therapy and eye-drops for 3 days with no improvement (Figure 1). Then, the patient was referred for maxillofacial consultation. By taking history, ther...