International Archives of

Public Health and Community MedicineISSN: 2643-4512

Archive

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710016

Understanding Social and Cultural Factors Associated with Composite Vulnerability to Better Inform Community Intervention Strategies: Cities Changing Diabetes in Houston

Stephen H Linder, Anna-Maria Volkmann, Tami Wisniewski, Louise Hesseldal and A David Napier

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2018

Linder SH, Anna-Maria V, Wisniewski T, Hesseldal L, Napier AD (2018) Understanding Social and Cultural Factors Associated with Composite Vulnerability to Better Inform Community Intervention Strategies: Cities Changing Diabetes in Houston. Int Arch Public Health Community Med 2:016....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710015

Paradigm Shift in Healthcare through Technology and Patient-Centeredness

Abdulrahman Mohammed Al Muammar, Zakiuddin Ahmed and Abdullah M. Aldahmash

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2018

Amidst the background of numerous challenges confronting the healthcare sector (such as rising costs, chronic disease upsurge and issues related to patient safety), this narrative review aims to shed light on the opportunities provided by patient-centered care and technology use as a means to improve and reshape the healthcare sector. The evolution of technology use in healthcare from telemedicine to the present era of connected health is highlighted and discussed as a pertinent emerging model t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710014

Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco and Illicit Narcotic Substances Usage and Associated Factors among Patients Attending Mental Health Clinics Conducted by a Group of Hospitals in Sri Lanka

Chrishantha Abeysena and Harshana Bandara

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 24, 2018

Consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit narcotics affects the quality of life among mental health patients. The objective of this study was to describe prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit narcotic substances usage and associated factors among patients attending mental health clinics. Alcohol usage was higher among mental health patients. Being a male patient, alcohol consumption of caregiver and high family income were associated with alcohol usage of patients. Usage of those substanc...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710013

Prevalence of Visual Impairment among Adults Aged Forty Years and above in a Medical Officer of Health Area in Sri Lanka: Cross-Sectional Study

Chrishantha Abeysena and Champa Hapugoda

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 22, 2018

Visual impairment is reduction in the vision. It is a worldwide health problem in both developing and developed countries. According to World Health Organization (WHO), visual impairment includes low vision and blindness. Blindness is defined as visual acuity of less than 3/60 in the better eye with best correction. Low vision is defined as visual acuity of less than 6/18, but equal to or better than 3/60, in the better eye with best correction. In 2010, WHO estimated that there were 285 million...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710012

Maternal Obesity and Risk for Birth Defects in an Urban and Rural in the Northern State - Sudan

Mohana Faroug Attia

Article Type: Orginal Research | First Published: October 27, 2018

In Sudan, obesity is increasing at an alarming rate especially in urban areas, becoming a social and medical concern. In pregnancy, overweight is associated with high risk of maternal death and many significant complications. Varied research and papers have also reported an increased risk of abnormality in offspring of obese and overweight pregnant woman. At the same time, carrying out an ultrasound examination on obese pregnant woman is a difficult task, due to the impaired acoustic window. Thi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710011

Health Benefits of Physical Exercise as a Lifestyle Habit in Asian Men and Women

Victor HH Goh

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

Total body composition and bone scans were analyzed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Exercise intensity scores were computed using the Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET). Handgrip strength was measured using a dynamometer. Various hormones and metabolic parameters were measured and cognition function tests and data regarding general health and sexual functions were collected....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710010

A Test (Test_a) for the Assessment of Headache

Alessandra De Rose and Roberto Verna

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 22, 2018

This report contains the main results of a quantitative research aimed at testing, through the administration of multiple-level questionnaires- patients (n = 2500) and physicians (n = 100), a simple tool for detecting the individual perception of recurrence and the severity of the symptom of headaches and how it is dealt with in terms of drug use and the use of appropriate reference health structures (general practitioner and headache centers). The ultimate goal of the project is to develop a to...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710009

Contextual Perspectives on Heroin Addiction and Recovery: Classic and Contemporary Theories

Sarah Callahan and Leonard A Jason

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 25, 2018

Drug use and recovery have received considerable attention from social scientists over the past few decades. Earlier theoretical explanations of drug abuse evaluated constructionist paradigms of stratification, labeling, and Marxist theories. However, many studies involving heroin use continue to focus on person-centered risk factors surrounding use and, to a lesser extent, recovery processes....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710008

Impact of Adherence to a Full Course of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy on Pregnancy Outcome in Muyuka Health District: A Cross-Sectional Study

Aldof Tah Yoah, Jerome Fru-Cho, Emmanuel Kah, Ernest Njukang, Franklin Sevidzem Wirsiy, Christian Tetteh Duamor and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 19, 2018

Malaria is an acute febrile disease caused by infection of the red blood cells with intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are inoculated into the human host by feeding female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria infection during pregnancy presents significant risks for the pregnant woman, the developing foetus and the newborn infant....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710007

A Preliminary Study on the Effects of Parental Accommodations on Frequency of Sickness in Children

Lauren Harrison and Mary B Short

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 18, 2018

Common childhood sicknesses, such as infections, colds, stomachaches, and headaches are inevitable for all children. The influence parents have on their sick children has been well studied in chronic illness populations; however, few studies have examined these associations among general sickness conditions in children. This study examined how parental accommodations and other parental variables affected frequency of sickness and functioning during sickness in children. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710006

Survey of Curriculum and Training Opportunities for Higher Old Age Psychiatry Speciality Trainees in the UK

Victor M Aziz, Natalie Hill and Danika Rafferty

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 07, 2018

Psychiatric training consists of core psychiatry training for three years during which trainees has to pass the College membership examination MRCPsych before they enter the Old Age Psychiatry specialty training for further 3 years. The curriculum for specialist training in Old Age Psychiatry is being reviewed by the Old Age Faculty of the Royal College of Psychiatrists....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710005

Impact of the Pesticides in the Environment and Public Health: The Case of Yucatan, Mexico

Angel G Polanco Rodriguez

Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: February 24, 2018

Actually, it is important the water conservation to prevent high impact on the public health, as well as the application of the environmental regulations, especially when there is a high fragility for water pollution in the ecosystem, particularly in developing countries. Throughout the world, there are rules and regulations that indicate the Maximum Permitted Limits of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) residues in water, which must be monitored so that the water quality does not exceed these limi...

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