Knowledge and Perceived Susceptibility of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) among Saudi Female Teachers
Ibtisam AL-Tamimi, MD, MPH and Amen Bawazir, MD, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 18, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine the current knowledge levels, health beliefs, personal risk factors, and health-promoting behaviors related to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among female Saudi teachers in Riyadh city. This study featured a cross-sectional descriptive design. A survey method was used to collect data from 400 women teachers who were randomly selected from ten public schools in five regions of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect data......
Coping with Shortage of Ventilators in COVID-19 Pandemic: Indian Context and Exploring Effective Options in Countries with Limited Healthcare Resources
Dr. Rajit Jhingan, M.B.B.S, M.D, Dr. Vidushi Sharma, M.B.B.S, M.D, Dr. Prem Parkash Khosla, M.B.B.S, M.D, Dr. Deepak Bhasin, M.B.B.S, M.D and Dr. Harpal Singh, M.B.B.S, DA
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: May 25, 2020
At the very outset, it needs to be well understood that early assessment and anticipating the need for non-invasive measures will halt progression of disease into ARDS. This will not only reduce the chances for invasive ventilation but also aid in early weaning, thereby decreasing the overall ventilator use. COVID-19 patients should ideally be managed in negative pressure isolation rooms, but most public hospitals would not have this facility. The next best thing is to manage these patients in c...
Is India's Health Care Infrastructure Sufficient for Handling COVID 19 Pandemic?
Dr. Abhishek Singh, M.D, Dr. Preeti Deedwania, MD, Dr. Vinay K, MBBS, Dr. Apala Roy Chowdhury MD and Dr. Puneet Khanna, MD
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: May 18, 2020
In the last week of December 2019, the first case of pneumonia caused by a novel corona virus in Wuhan city, China, was diagnosed. Person to person transmission of novel coronavirus was confirmed by china on 21 January 2020 with more than 200 diagnosed cases and 4 death. On 30th January 2020, WHO declared the Chinese outbreak of COVID-19 to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern posing a high risk to countries with the poor health care system...
Racial and Geographic Differences in Hospitalizations for Pediatric Opioid Use Disorders
Wanqing Zhang, PhD, MD, Paul R. Chelminski, MD and Dore R. LaForett, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 21, 2020
Opioids present unprecedented threat in the United States. Hospitalizations associated with opioid use disorders (OUD) among US children have doubled in the last decade. Important racial disparities in OUD have recently been noted. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of race in hospitalizations associated with OUD among children and adolescents across the 4 US Census Bureau-defined regions....
In vitro Effects of Probiotics on Clostridium Difficile Toxin Production and Sporulation
Valeria De Las Casas, Sam Miller, Herbert DuPont and Zhi-Dong Jiang
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 09, 2020
Strains 052 and 055 showed the greatest toxin- neutralization activity for C. difficile 43255, while neutralization against toxin of strain 027 was seen only by BS, 055 and CVS. Of interest, the least active probiotic, PC, contained 10 different probiotic strains, demonstrating that containing more probiotic strains may not confer more activity. All probiotics showed anti-sporulation effects against C. difficile strain 087 strain, while the most active inhibitors of sporulation for C. difficile ...
Current Circumstances of Corona-Virus (Covid-19) in India
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 25, 2020
The Coronavirus or Covid-19 is a large family of viruses that causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to acute respiratory syndromes, but the current virus is a novel strain not seen before. Common symptoms of the novel Coronavirus strain include respiratory symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, according to the WHO. The WHO has declared the Coronavirus epidemic as a global health emergency....
Factors Associated with the Nutritional Status of Schoolchildren in the Main City of Benin Republic, Sub-Saharan Africa
Colette S Azandjeme, Florence Alihonou, Charles J Sossa, Ulrich Gbatcho, Fabien Gounongbe, Michel Makoutode and Victoire D Agueh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 05, 2020
This was a cross-sectional study conducted in July 2016. It involved data collection regarding food and nutritional knowledge, nutritional habits and practices, physical activity level and health status which were obtained using survey research. The study took place in four schools from the Friendly School of Nutrition Initiative (FNSI) in Cotonou and focused on schoolchildren aged from eight to eleven (n = 182). Anthropometric data including weight and height were collected, BMI indices weight-...
Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency in the Health Care: The Need for an Agreement to Clarify its Meaning
Enrique Burches, MD, PhD and Marta Burches, MD
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: January 25, 2020
There is great interest in ensuring that health system resources are used effectively. Dictionary says efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency are synonymous. Curiously, it is in many scientific fields where there has been imposed an artificial interpretation of these terms. Efficacy, in the health care sector, is the capacity of a given intervention under ideal or controlled conditions. Effectiveness is the ability of an intervention to have a meaningful effect on patients in normal clinical con...
Evaluation of the Level of Knowledge of the Population and Risk Factors Related to Leptospirosis in an Endemic City
Bruna Helena Kipper, Carlos Efrain Stein, Thais Helena Szabo Castro, Bruna Carvalho da Silva, Catiane Baumgartel, Kaiane Pereira, Milena Capo dos Santos and Marina Cardoso Fernandes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2020
Leptospirosis is an infectious-contagious zoonosis caused by gram-negative bacteria, a spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is largely related to high rainfall levels, accumulation of litter, presence of rodents and lack of basic sanitation. The present study aimed to verify the level of knowledge of the population and the risk factors of leptospirosis in a region frequently affected by floods in Blumenau/Santa Catarina/Brazil, as well as the control of rodents carried out by the interviewees....