International Archives of

Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iasar-2017/1710002

Alcohol Biomarkers and their Relevance in Detection of Alcohol Consumption in Clinical Settings

Shayani Ghosh, Raka Jain, Sonali Jhanjee, Ravindra Rao and Ashwani Kumar Mishra

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 21, 2019

Alcohol use disorder is a growing public health concern worldwide. Accurate assessment is an important step towards effective management of the patient suffering from alcohol use disorder. Self-report often lacks accuracy and may be misleading in a hesitant patient. The use of biochemical laboratory measures such as alcohol biomarkers, often helps in obtaining independent estimations of alcohol use. The traditional biomarkers (such as Aspartate Aminotransferase, Alanine Aminotransferase or Mean ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iasar-2017/1710001

Nurses Attitude and Self-Efficacy in Smoking Cessation Care to Hospitalized Patients

Banu MR

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2018

Today tobacco is the common form used for smoking. Worldwide, tobacco consumption is estimated to kill 1,000 million in the 21st century. Persons with mental illness consume about 33% of the tobacco used and nearly 46 million adults with mental illness have a smoking rate 70 percent higher than those without. Admission to the hospital provides an excellent opportunity for patients to quit smoking. A good knowledge of the hazards of smoking and cessation intervention alone is not adequate for a n...

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