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Case Report  |   Volume 2, Issue 2

Early Signs and Perinatal Diagnosis of Tracheal Agenesis

Mayke E. van der Putten, Viola Christmann, Lucas E. Matthyssens, Arthur R.T. Scheffer and Chris Bleeker
Abstract

A preterm boy of 30 weeks and fie days did not breathe spontaneously at birth and despite visualization of the vocal cords, intubation attempts did not succeed, until a tube 2.0 was placed using an Eschmann stylette, mistakenly considered endotracheal. A few hours later, suspicion of tube dislocation arose and renewed intubation attempts failed. The ENT specialist performed a tracheoscopy and found a blind ending of the trachea in the subglottic area.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1029

Original Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 2

Long-Term Function, Pain and Medication Use Outcomes of Radiofrequency Ablation for Lumbar Facet Syndrome

Zachary L. McCormick, Benjamin Marshall, Jeremy Walker, Robert McCarthy and David R. Walega
Abstract

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the medial branch nerves for facet-mediated low back pain demonstrates clinical benefit for 6-12 months and possibly up to 2 years. This study investigated function, pain, and medication use outcomes of RFA for lumbar facet syndrome in a cohort with long-term follow-up.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1028

Review Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 2

Prevention of Postoperative Acute Lung Injury (ALI) - The Anaesthetist Role

Surjya Prasad Upadhyay, Ulka Samant, Sudhakar Seth Tellicherry, Himanshu Chauhan and Piyush N Mallick
Abstract

Postoperative pulmonary complications such as Pneumonia, Acute Lung Injury (ALI), Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) substantially increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, length of hospitalisation and financial burden. Risk factors can be broadly categorized into patient related, procedure related, anaesthesia related and post procedural care related.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1027

Original Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 2

Effect of Sevoflurane and Desflurane on Erythrocyte Deformability during Ischaemia-Reperfusion Injury of Lower Extremity in Diabetic Rats

Muhammed Enes Aydin, Meral Erdal Erbatur, Faruk Metin Comu and Mustafa Arslan
Abstract

It is known that blood viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation are increased and erythrocyte deformability is decreased in diabetic patients. Ischemia reperfusion injury (I/R) in lower extremity is a frequent and important clinical phenomenon. Blood rheology is known to be affected by numerous factor including anaesthetic drugs. Accordingly, we aimed to investigate the effects of sevoflurane and desflurane on erythrocyte deformability in infrarenal aorta of diabetic rats undergoing I/R.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1026

Original Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 2

Retention of Finger Blood Flow against Postural Change Has the Potential to Become a New Indicator of Sympathetic Block in the Upper Limb - A Preliminary Study

Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuhito Miyamoto, Tatsuya Hashimoto and Yoji Saito
Abstract

Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb. This, however, requires a thermography device to precisely evaluate skin temperature and a diaphoremeter to measure sweating. Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow to sustain systemic blood pressure and cerebral blood flow. We hypothesized that sympathetic blockade in the upper limb results in minimal changes in finger skin blood flow against postural change from the supine to sitting position. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether retention of finger blood flow against postural change can be used as a new indicator of sympathetic block in the upper limb.

PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1025


Volume 2
Issue 2