International Journal of

Brain Disorders and TreatmentISSN: 2469-5866


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5866/1410026

Interleukin 31 and Mast Cells: A New Piece in the Puzzle of the Pathophysiology of Multiple Sclerosis?

Andre Eduardo de Almeida Franzoi, Marcus Vinicius Magno Goncalves, Osvaldo Nascimento and Jefferson Becker

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: November 30, 2018

During development, they enter the brain by way of penetrating blood vessels, with which they remain associated. MCs can move through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of normal brain, but may also traverse the blood-spinal cord barrier and BBB when compromised by disease. They are capable of phagocytosis, antigen presentation, and can also modulate the adaptive immune response....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5866/1410025

Cognitive Rehabilitation Improves Performance of Individuals with Mild to Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review of Comprehensive Neuropsychological Services as a Model Approach

Cheryl A Frye, Anton Hardy and Maria Lifrak

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 22, 2018

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) can result in physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms and the constellation of sequelae that can linger for years and is termed post-concussion syndrome (PCS). For these ailments, therapy is available to help individuals recover; however, it is controversial whether cognitive rehabilitation can improve or forestall lost or damaged abilities. It is important to clarify this because insurances companies can be reluctant to pay for this treatment. To test the effic...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5866/1410024

Neuregulin in Health and Disease

Juan Carlos Cespedes, Mingli Liu, Adriana Harbuzariu, Annette Nti, John Onyekaba, Hanna Watson Cespedes, Praveen K Bharti, Wesley Solomon, Precious Anyaoha, Sri Krishna, Andrew Adjei, Felix Botchway, Byron Ford and Jonathan K Stiles

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 10, 2018

Neuregulins, a family of EGF-like signaling molecules, are involved in cell-cell crosstalk and play an important role in development, maintenance and repair of the nervous system, heart, breast and other organs. Independent studies described a ligand for the oncogene ErbB2 (neu, Her2) and factors that stimulated proliferation of Schwann cells, as well as synthesis of receptors for acetylcholine by muscle. These ligands and factors are essentially products of the same gene, referred to by Marchio...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5866/1510023

Case Report: Paired/Dual Colloid Cysts in the Third Ventricle - A Discussion of Embryological Origin

SM Jay and MR MacFarlane

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 25, 2018

A 31-year-old male presented with a 4-month history of rising intracranial pressure. Initial computed tomography (CT) and then magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed moderate dilatation of the lateral ventricles with periventricular signal change, an indistinct third ventricle with an ill-defined lesion in the anterosuperior part of the third ventricle. At time of operation two paired/dual colloid cysts were found lying side-by-side in the third ventricle and obstructing both foramena of Munro....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5866/1510022

Concomitant Behavioral, Electrochemical and Electrophysiological Study in Real Time on the Role of CRF and CRF Antagonist(S) in Anxiety and Depression: Possible Association CRF + 5-HT Receptor Antagonists?

Francesco Crespi

Article Type: Research Proposal | First Published: February 08, 2018

Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) is involved in conditions of anxiety and stress: It stimulates the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH). Also, catecholamines increase ACTH release, while serotonin (5-HT) increases both ACTH and CRF. ...

Volume 4
Issue 1