Energy Drink Ingredients and their Effect on Endothelial Function: A Review
John P. Higgins and Brandon L. Ortiz
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 31, 2014
It is an age-old idea to try to boost one's performance in order to achieve an elusive goal or conquer an obstacle. Many energy products, especially energy drinks (ED) are now marketed to this need, and examples include Red Bulls' 'Gives You Wings', as well as Monster Energy's 'Unleash the Beast' advertising campaigns.
In the light of ED consumption recently being associated with high risk behaviors, unhealthy habits, and some deaths in adolescents and young adults, especially when consumed wh...
A Rare Manifestation of Organophosphorus Poisoning: Hypothermia with Cardiotoxicity
Valliappan Muthu, Sahajal Dhooria and Inderpaul Singh Sehgal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 30, 2014
Organophosphorus pesticides related self-harm is afairly common clinical entity responsible for over two thirds of pesticide related deaths in the rural areas of developing countries. Organophosphates by their action at muscarinic and nicotinic receptors can have a myriad of presenting symptoms. Here we describe a fatal case of phorate (organophosphorus) toxicity manifesting with hypothermia and cardiotoxicity....
Allograft Inflammatory Factor-1 Induction during Ischemia Reperfusion Injury: A Rat Model of LAD Occlusion
D. Olga McDaniel, Lance Majors, Taolin Fang, Feng Zhang and Larry S. McDaniel
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2014
The emerging role of the innate immune response in organ transplantation heightens the significance of molecular markers released from the donor organ due to ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) during organ procurement. These molecules are prime activators of innate immunity. Allograft inflmmatory factor-1 (AIF- 1) has been implicated in the regulation of inflmmation and organ rejection. To verify expression level of AIF-1 in cardiac tissues, we developed a rat model of IRI, in which the left ante...
Prevalence of Hypertension and its Relationship with Adiposity among Rural Elderly Population in India
Nimmathota Arlappa, Avula Laxmmaiah, Nagalla Balakrishna, Rachakula Harikumar, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna Rao and GNV Brahmam
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 02, 2014
Background: The world has witnessed the demographic transition in which there is increased proportion of elderly (≥ 60 years) population. This increased longevity is associated with the burden of chronic noncommunicable diseases.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with adiposity among the elderly in rural India.
Subjects and methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among 3133 elderly (Men: 1677; Women: 1456). Height, weight,...
Cardiology and the New Decade
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: September 29, 2014
Greetings to all readers as we move in to the era of science and technology. Let us hope to witness several exciting developments in the field of cardiology that would pave way to the cure of many cardiological disorders in this new era. This year the International Journal of Clinical Cardiology is debuting in field of open access. We hope to bring to you some of scientific excitements. There had been much progress in the field of Heart Transplantation Surgery. Doctors and Researcher from all ac...
Treatment of Dyslipidemia in Diabetics
Wilbert S. Aronow
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: September 01, 2014
Dyslipidemia in diabetics should be treated with lifestyle measures. Statins are the only lipid-lowering drugs that have been demonstrated to lower the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus. This review article will discuss the treatment of dyslipidemia in diabetics and the current guidelines supporting the use of statins in the treatment of diabetics....