High Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in Elderly Patients Hospitalized with Heart Failure
Urrutia A, Cepeda JM, Formiga F, Manzano L, Conde-Martel A, Aramburu-Bodas O, Suarez I, Gonzalez-Franco A, Quiros-Lopez R and Montero Perez-Barquero M
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 12, 2015
Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common condition in the elderly and often occurs together with Heart Failure (HF). The differences between elderly patients with HF according to the presence or absence of AF were analysed. Material and methods: Patient data were collected from consecutively admitted patients 75 years of age and older with acute decompensated HF from the Spanish National Heart Failure Registry (RICA) with data retrieved from internal medicine settings....
Relationship between Insulin Levels and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Impaired Glucose Tolerance
Naohiko Nemoto, Rintarou Nakajima, Kennji Ymazaki, Makoto Utsunomiya, Masaki Hori, Shingo Ito, Itaru Yokouchi, Masamichi Wada, Masanori Shiba, Hisao Hara, Hidehiko Hara, Takuro Takagi, Kaoru Sugi and Masato Nakamura
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 06, 2015
Background: While some therapies implemented for newly diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus (DM) or impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, investigations of coronary plaque in patients with newly diagnosed DM or IGT are lacking. Methods: We evaluated 96 patients with acute coronary syndrome. The External Elastic Membrane (EEM), Lumen Cross-Sectional Area (CSA), plaque CSA, and plaque burden in the Left Anterior Descending (LAD) artery proximal to the lesion, d...
Physical Examination of the Cardiovascular System
John P. Higgins
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 27, 2015
The physical examination, while frequently not performed well, is critical to the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disorders. This paper describes a basic cardiovascular physical examination and explains findings, with the goal of improving skills in this area....
Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Diet and Lifestyle among a Group of Italian Young Adults Students
Gregoriana Zanini, Elio Gorga, Francesca Del Magro, Bola Okunuga, Federica Pasini and Gian Franco Pasini
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 06, 2015
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease has shown a marked increase over the last decade, representing the leading cause of death in the United States of America but also in Italy. Cardiovascular diseases recognize a multifactorial etiology: age, obesity, distribution of body fat, cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia. In recent years has been paid particular attention to the cardiovascular risk factors prevention particularly in adulthood (> 30 years old). T...