Archive

Research Article Open Access

Double-Stenting of the Left Main Coronary Artery lesions: Safety, Clinical Outcome and Long Term Follow-up

William Ng and Robert Lundstrom
Int J Clin Cardiol Volume 2, Issue 1

Abstract: This study aimed to assess the safety & medium/long-term outcome of using double-stenting strategy on left main (LM) stem for the treatment of significant suboptimal angiographic result after initial left main coronary artery (LMCA) stent implantation. Between August 2005 & June 2010, patients undergoing PCI with double stenting of LMCA lesions comprised the study cohort.

PDF   | Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410022

Research Article Open Access

High Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in Elderly Patients Hospitalized with Heart Failure

Urrutia A, Cepeda JM, Formiga F, Manzano L, Conde-Martel A, Aramburu-Bodas O, Suarez I, Gonzalez-Franco A, Quiros-Lopez R and Montero Perez-Barquero M
Int J Clin Cardiol Volume 2, Issue 1

Abstract: Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common condition in the elderly and often occurs together with Heart Failure (HF). The differences between elderly patients with HF according to the presence or absence of AF were analysed. Material and methods: Patient data were collected from consecutively admitted patients 75 years of age and older with acute decompensated HF from the Spanish National Heart Failure Registry (RICA) with data retrieved from internal medicine settings.

PDF   | Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410021

Review Article Open Access

Relationship between Insulin Levels and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Impaired Glucose Tolerance

Naohiko Nemoto, Rintarou Nakajima, Kennji Ymazaki, Makoto Utsunomiya, Masaki Hori, Shingo Ito, Itaru Yokouchi, Masamichi Wada, Masanori Shiba, Hisao Hara, Hidehiko Hara, Takuro Takagi, Kaoru Sugi and Masato Nakamura
Int J Clin Cardiol Volume 2, Issue 1

Abstract: Background: While some therapies implemented for newly diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus (DM) or impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, investigations of coronary plaque in patients with newly diagnosed DM or IGT are lacking. Methods: We evaluated 96 patients with acute coronary syndrome. The External Elastic Membrane (EEM), Lumen Cross-Sectional Area (CSA), plaque CSA, and plaque burden in the Left Anterior Descending (LAD) artery proximal to the lesion, diagnosed as normal by Coronary Angiography (CAG), were measured using Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS).

PDF   | Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410020

Review Article Open Access

Physical Examination of the Cardiovascular System

John P. Higgins
Int J Clin Cardiol Volume 2, Issue 1

Abstract: The physical examination, while frequently not performed well, is critical to the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disorders. This paper describes a basic cardiovascular physical examination and explains findings, with the goal of improving skills in this area.

PDF   | Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410019

Research Article Open Access

Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Diet and Lifestyle among a Group of Italian Young Adults Students

Gregoriana Zanini, Elio Gorga, Francesca Del Magro, Bola Okunuga, Federica Pasini and Gian Franco Pasini
Int J Clin Cardiol Volume 2, Issue 1

Abstract: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease has shown a marked increase over the last decade, representing the leading cause of death in the United States of America but also in Italy. Cardiovascular diseases recognize a multifactorial etiology: age, obesity, distribution of body fat, cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia. In recent years has been paid particular attention to the cardiovascular risk factors prevention particularly in adulthood (> 30 years old). The aim of our study was to evaluate the lifestyle in young subjects (20 years old) particularly in a group of students of the Valle Sabbia (a mountain zone in the North of Italy) using dedicated questionnaire, anamnesis, physical examination and blood tests + ECG.

PDF   | Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410018

Volume 2
Issue 1