Chiari Network: An Embryological Remnant - A Case Report and Review
Shivadeep S, Anandaraja S and Devi Jansirani D
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 30, 2015
Chiari network is a fenestrated membranous structure most commonly observed near the valve of inferior vena cava. It is considered as an embryological remnant of right valve of sinus venosus. Inspite of its benignity, its complications have been reported in the literature. This article contributes a detailed review compiling the association of Chiari network with various pathological conditions and its complications. We report a case of Chiari network diagnosed in a 36-year old female by trans-e...
Non-Invasive Assessment of Cardiac Autonomic Functions in Healthy Young Adults in Ile-Ife, South-Western Nigeria
Oluwadare Ogunlade, Abiodun O Ayoka, Anthony Akintomide, Rufus Ojo Akomolafe, Olumide S Akinsomisoye and David Oyewusi Oyebola
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 10, 2015
Background: This study assessed the responses of Blood Pressure (BP) and Heart Rate (HR) to change of posture, Sustained Handgrip (SH),deep breathing(DB) and Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) in order to determining the normal limits and pattern of Autonomic Cardiovascular Indices (ACI) among healthy young adults. Methods: Two hundred and four volunteer (98 men and 106 women) aged 18-40 years (mean, 22.45 +/- 4.86 years) participated in the study. After excluding systemic diseases by clinical evaluation, ...
Early Administration of Tirofibanin Mid- to High-risk Patients with Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Referred for Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (ETN-STEP): A Multi-center Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial in China
Jianping Li, Bo Zheng, Xingang Wang, Tieci Yi, Wei Dong, Zhan Gao, Shaoping Nie, Yawei Luo, Xiaobo Mao, Xi Su, Hui Chen, Ning Tan, Xufen Cao, Jun Zhang and Yong Huo
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 08, 2015
The objective of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of upstream administration of Tirofiban in mid- to high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) undergoing early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)....
An Update on Peripartum Cardiomyopathy in the 21st Century
Kavita Sharma and Stuart D Russell
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 02, 2015
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a pregnancy-associated idiopathic cardiomyopathy secondary to marked left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The disease presents towards the end of pregnancy through the first 5 months post-delivery, with ethnic and geographic variation in incidence and outcomes. While it is relatively rare, PPCM is associated with significant morbidity and can be fatal....
On the Logic of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions
P. Lanzer and P. Wang
Article Type: Logical Study | First Published: May 30, 2015
Performance of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is largely based on empirical experience of individual operators. Due to the perceived mostly intuitive character to date little data concerning formal and reasoning structure of PCI is available. Non-axiomatic logic (NAL) provides consistent format allowing systematic analysis of reasoning applicable to PCI. In this report we introduce the basic principles of NAL and provide relevant introductory examples representing clinical reasoning i...
Can a Genetic Test Predict the Development of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation
Gurpreet Sodhi, Jennifer Shea, Farzad Najam and Allen J Solomon
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 26, 2015
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common postoperative complication of cardiovascular surgery. In large cohorts, genetic variants in the 4q25 chromosome region have been associated with postoperative AF. However, the role of genetic testing in an individual patient to predict the development of AF has been understudied....