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Case Report  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

A Case of Sudden Unexpected Death with the Presence of Multiple Myocardial Bridges

Naoki Nishida and Yukiko Hata
Abstract

We present an autopsy case of a 66-year-old man who died during walking. Besides a history of hypertension for 5 years, mild chest oppression appeared to occur shortly before death. A full autopsy and the police examination concluded that the cause of death was sudden cardiac death.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410099

Research Article  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

Left Atrial Wall Thickness and Pulmonary Vein Size are Increased in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Compared to Healthy Controls - A Multidetector Computed Tomography Study

Anna F Thomsen J Tobias Kuhl, Klaus F Kofoed, Andreas Fuchs, Patricia M Udholm, Jakob B Norsk, Xu Chen, Steen Pehrson, Borge G Nordestgaard, Lars Kober and Peter K Jacobsen
Abstract

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and a cause of increased morbidity and mortality. Left Atrial (LA) tissue characteristics play an important role in the pathogenesis of AF. Catheter ablation of AF has emerged as a popular treatment option, however predictors of treatment success are not clearly defined.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410098

Research Article  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

Long Term High-Fat Diet-Induced Modification of Vascular Wall and Perivascular Adipose Tissue-Mediated Oxidative Stress: Consequences for Endothelium-Independent Vascular Function in Rats

Caroline Sanchez, Vincent Achard, Michel Grino and Stephane Tanguy
Abstract

Visceral obesity, a feature of the metabolic syndrome, is associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Our aim was to study the influence of increased fat intake, a major determinant of central obesity, on Smooth Muscle Cells (SMC) reactivity and its interaction with Perivascular Adipose Tissue (PVAT), which plays an important role in the local regulation of vascular function, with a special emphasis on oxidative stress.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410097

Case Report  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

Pulmonary Artery Agenesis in Young Adult - Two Case Reports

Walter Serra Francesco Tafuni, Nicola Sverzellati, Maria Alberta Cattabiani and Angelo Placci
Abstract

A 21-year-old woman presented for a history of exertional dyspnoea and atypical chest pain. No history of allergies or tuberculosis. A chest X-ray showed asymmetry of the chest walls from a reduced expansion of the right lung caused by parenchymal loss and right deviation of the mediastinum and ipsilateral elevation of the diaphragm.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410096

Case Report  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

A Case of Coronary Artery Spasm Associated with Lisdexamfetamine Use

Harmony R Reynolds and Leon H Charney
Abstract

Coronary artery spasm is a cause of myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Coronary spasm may occur spontaneously or in response to prescribed or illicit drugs. Myocardial injury and cardiomyopathies have been reported in association with the use of stimulants in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410095

Case Report  |   Volume 4, Issue 2

Intravenous Immunoglobulins in the Management of Parvovirus B19 Induced Fulminant Myocarditis: Case Report

Maysa Saleh and Samir Sajwany
Abstract

One-year-old boy was admitted to a hospital suffering from acute myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. He was experiencing vomiting for 2 days, breathing difficulty and poor oral intake. In view of deterioration of his condition that has required ventilator support, inotropes, anti-failure medications and antibiotics, hence, he was transferred to our hospital.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2378-2951/1410094