Review Article Open Access

Environmental Factors Urging the Development of Atopic Diseases in 75 Children

Arnaldo Cantani
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: Allergic asthma and rhinitis, Atopic Dermatitis (AD), urticaria and gastrointestinal allergy, are common diseases of infants and children. It was recently estimated that 14% of children suffer from AD, 8% from food allergy, and 12% from asthma. The cumulated incidence of these diseases in adolescents has been estimated between 25-35%, while the prevalence is about 20%.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510027

Original Research Open Access

Targeted Temperature Management Following Cardiac Arrest: In-Hospital Trends in Utilization

Saiprasad Narsingam, Benjamin S Abella, Anne V Grossestreuer and Paul S Chan
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: Targeted temperature management (TTM) improves outcomes in patients with Out-of-Hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to Shockable rhythms. The frequency with which TTM is used for Non-Shockable cardiac arrest rhythms and for In-Hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is unknown.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510026

Case Report Open Access

A Rare Case of Boerhaave Syndrome Presenting with Right Tension Pneumothorax and Review of the Literature

Jennifer Li, Simon Turner, Gordon Finlayson, Basil Nasir, John Yee and Anna McGuire
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: Although rare, spontaneous esophageal perforation or "Boerhaave syndrome", carries a high case fatality rate. The 'classic' presentation of chest pain, vomiting and subcutaneous emphysema is actually uncommon clinically, with the literature reporting variable initial presentations.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510025

Research Article Open Access

Mid-Regional Proadrenomedullin as a Prognosis Biomarker of Mortality in Patients Treated with Non-Invasive Ventilation in the Emergency Room

Manuel Pinero Zapata, Miriam Martinez Villanueva, Francisco V Aviles Plaza, Cesar Cinesi Gomez, Aurelio Luna Maldonado and Maria E Legaz Moreno
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: The mid-regional fragment of the peptide complex Pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a ubiquitous biomarker tissue distribution in the human body with increased levels in the course of certain diseases of great importance for vital engagement and whose clinical course is often associated with dyspnoea.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510024

Case Report Open Access

Emerging Concepts in Acute Heart Failure: From the Pathophysiology to the Clinical Case Based Approach

Antonio Giovanni Solimando, Antonella Argentiero, Anna Ruckdeschel, MaxBittrich, Andreas Schneider, Rodolfo Sbrojavacca, Angelo Vacca, Georg Fritz and Hermann Einsele
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: Acute heart failure (AHF) represents a heterogeneous clinical syndrome, comprising new or worsening signs and symptoms on a background of stable chronic heart failure (HF), as well as new-onset HF. In either clinical picture, urgent care is crucial. Given the variety of clinical scenario, stratifying patient subgroups on a pathophysiologic base can help direct appropriate therapy.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510023

Case Report Open Access

Cerebral Air Embolism in Commercial Flights: A Potentially Fatal Complication of Intrathoracic Lesions

Beatriz Oyanguren, Araceli Alonso-Canovas, Alicia de Felipe and Jaime Masjuan
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: Five patients with CAE were admitted to our Emergency Department (A-E). All experienced loss of consciousness (LOC). Chest radiograph showed thoracic bullae. Brain computed tomography (CT) showed subarachnoid bubbles (A), intraparenchymal bubbles (B), global hypoperfusion (C), or no abnormalities (D, E). With supportive treatment, four survived, while B died. Including ours, 18 cases of CAE during commercial flights have been reported. LOC and dyspnea were common.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510022

Case Report Open Access

An Unstable Coronary Situation: A Case of Two Aborted Myocardial Infarctions in Three Days

Ephraim B Winzer and Axel Linke
Int J Crit Care Emerg Med Volume 3, Issue 1

Abstract: In patients with stable coronary artery disease percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) effectively improves symptoms in the absence of any effect on prognosis. In contrast, in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) PCI significantly reduces the risk of acute myocardial infarction and death as compared to conservative, noninvasive strategy.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510021

Volume 3
Issue 1