Angiogenesis Inhibitor Induced Thromboembolism in Cancer Patients
Neeharik Mareedu and Carmen P Escalante
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 31, 2017
Therapy with Angiogenesis Inhibitors (AIs) is a newer targeted approach in treating cancers. It gained popularity in the past decade because of better outcomes and fewer side effects when compared to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. These agents act by inhibiting the VEGF pathway and inhibit vasculogenesis, thus shutting off the nutrient supply to the continuously multiplying tumor cells....
The Role of Notch Signaling in Liver Diseases: Contribution to Development and Cancer
Kazunori Kawaguchi, Masao Honda and Shuichi Kaneko
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 31, 2017
Liver tissue consists of several types of cells such as hepatocytes, endothelial cells, stellate cells, cholangiocytes, and immune cells, all with essential functions. The liver plays an important role in metabolism because its cells act on a variety of substances, transforming them into metabolic products essential for life and the production of waste products....
In Vitro Reaction of Cells Derived from Human Normal Lung Tissues to Carbon-Ion Beam Irradiation
Naoko Okano, Takahiro Oike, Jun-ichiSaitoh, KatsuyukiShirai, Masato Enari, TohruKiyono, MayuIsono, Kota Torikai, Tatsuya Ohno and Takashi Nakano
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2017
Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a serious concern in carbon-ion radiation therapy (CIRT) for thoracic malignancies. To estimate the induction of RILI after CIRT, translation of evidence in X-ray radiation therapy to CIRT is of great importance. However, the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of carbon-ion beams in normal lung tissues is not fully elucidated, making the translation difficult....
Trastuzumab Emtansine in Patients with HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: a Multicenter Japanese Retrospective Study
Masako Sato, Masato Takahashi, Kenichi Watanabe, Nobumoto Tomioka, Mitsugu Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Narita, Hiroaki Kato, Masaru Abe, Yukiko Tabata, Masaya Kawada, Motoshi Tamura, Mitsuchika Hosoda, Motoi Baba, Kazuhiro Ogasawara, Tomohiro Oshino, Hiromitsu Akabane, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Masatoshi Kadoya, Kazuhiro Iwai, Yumi Okawa, Kenjiro Misu, Kazuomi Ichinokawa and Hiroko Yamashita
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 30, 2017
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is currently approved for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior anti-HER2 therapies. However, the efficacy of T-DM1 in patients who received pertuzumab, and in those patients with brain metastases, is currently unclear....