The Main Neurological Dysfunctions in Hyperargininemia-Literature Review
Andre Eduardo Almeida Franzoi, Marcelo Manukian Patti, Debora Delwing Dal Magro and Daniela Delwing de Lima
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 25, 2018
Arginine is an essential amino acid. This compound plays an important role in various body functions including cell division, wound healing, removal of ammonia, immune function, and release of hormones. The arginase 1 is a hepatic enzyme that is the faulty component in urea cycle. The urea cycle is represented in Figure 1 with focusing on arginine. When in normal function, the enzyme catalyzes the reaction of conversion of the arginine in ornithine and urea. However, in hyperargininemia, this en...
Evaluation of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer and Optic Nerve Function in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Mualla Hamurcu, Selma Fırat, Suleyman Boynuegri, Ufuk Hamurcu, Murat Sinan SarCcaoglu, Selcan Ekicier Acar, B Seyma Durmus and Bulent CiftCi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2018
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder, with an estimated prevalence of 2% for women and 4% for men in the middle-aged population. It is characterized by the repetitive complete or partial collapse of the upper airway during sleep which causes the cessation (obstructive apnea) or significant reduction (obstructive hypopnea) of airflow. These respiratory events result in intermittent hypoxemia and hypercapnia, cortical arousals, and surges of sympathetic...
Susac Syndrome Successfully Treated with Mycophenolate Mofetile
Rocio Lopez Ruiz, Sara Eichau, Elena Calzado Rivas, Guillermo Navarro Mascarell, Juan Luis Ruiz-Pena and Guillermo Izquierdo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 22, 2018
Susac Syndrome is an infrequent condition that is often misdiagnosed as Multiple Sclerosis. This syndrome is characterized by the clinical trial of encephalopathy, retinopathy with branch retinal artery occlusions and hearing loss....