Evaluation of Synergetic Antibacterial Effect of Gaseous Ozone and Ozonated Water against Enterococcus Faecalis in Human Root Canals
Banu Uygun Can, Gizem Ozbay, Hatice Altundal, Parla Meva Durmazpinar, Burak Kitiki, Sertac Peker, Tanju Kadir and Betul Kargul
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 28, 2018
Elimination of the microorganisms in root canals is one of the most important stages for a successful endodontic treatment. Several techniques and agents have been tested to find an alternative option to sodium hypochloride for effective root canal disinfection. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of gaseous ozone and ozonated water in order to establish their potential as endodontic root canal disinfectant....
The Dental Surgeon Profile of Centers of Dental Specialties for the Evidence of Burnout Syndrome
Stephanie Albuquerque de Souza Brandao, Gabriel Silveira Pinto Brandao, Luciane Albuquerque Sa de Souza and Camila Santos de Mattos brito
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 26, 2018
The persistence and intensity of stressors, in addition to the characteristics and functions of each person, associated with efforts and failures to deal with stress and its consequences, can lead the worker to develop chronic labor exhaustion, reaching the most severe form of stress at work, the burnout. The dental surgeon is a victim of stress sources in the public sector. Identify the dentists who work in the Centers of Dental Specialties (CDSs) in the municipalities of Joao Pessoa and Cabede...
Resin Composite Pre-Heating - A Literature Review of the Laboratory Results
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 21, 2018
Resin composite pre-heating is a recent innovative method that could be clinically beneficial by improving handling and marginal adaptation of the unset material paste. The aim of this study was to gather all the laboratory trials regarding resin composite pre-heating and investigate how this technique affects the material. An electronic search was carried out in PubMed and Google scholar databases, covering the period from January 2003 to May 2018. Specific criteria were set in order to define ...
Multiple Teeth Extractions, Confection and Installation of Total Prostheses in Patients with Renal Insufficiency: Case Report
Stephanie Albuquerque de Souza Brandao1, Thayse Targino Morais, Gabriel Silveira Pinto Brandao and Rafael Guedes de Paiva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 21, 2018
Patient F.A.M.S had several teeth extractions after medical authorization. To do this, forceps #150 and #151 were used and amoxicillin and dipyrone were prescribed. It is important to maintain oral health in patients with CKD since these are potential candidates for kidney transplantation. Due to the patient's dissatisfaction, it is indispensable, in complex cases like this, the elaboration of a term of consent, written that the patient is aware of the situation and expectation of his/her treatm...
Fibrous Dysplasia in Maxillary Bone: Case Report
Marcelo Domingues Pinto, Gustavo Gaffree Braz, Roberto Gomes Santos, Diego Polido, Jonathan Rodopiano Paixao and Hugo Sole de Melo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 26, 2018
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign lesion, congenital, recurrent character and etiology unknown, caused by a bone modeling disorder with constant alterations of the normal bone being replaced by immature fibrous tissue. The lesion may involve one or more bones being the maxilla the facial bone more affected. We report a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in a male patient complaining of increased volume in the right genital region. In this case, Computed Tomography (CT) was the main radiographic e...
Successful Treatment of Persistent Bleeding from Gingival Ulcers in an Adolescent Patient with Irsogladine Maleate
Atsushi Masui, Yoshihiro Morita, Takaki Iwagami, Masakazu Hamada, Hidetaka Shimizu and Yoshiaki Yura
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 17, 2018
Gingival ulcer is often accompanied by severe pain and bleeding and prevents the practicing of appropriate oral hygiene. Most inflammatory and immune-mediated gingival ulcers can be successfully treated with topical corticosteroids, but those refractory to corticosteroids are difficult to treat. An 18-year-old female visited our clinic with a complaint of gingival bleeding. Since topical corticosteroids and oral antibiotic were not effective for gingival ulcers of the patient, an anti-gastric ul...
Conservative Treatment of Primary and Nonsyndromic Odontogenic Keratocyst: An Overview of the Practice
Yuri Slusarenko da Silva and Maria da Graca Naclerio-Homem
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 16, 2018
Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) is a locally aggressive odontogenic cyst with a high recurrence rate after treatment. Several conservative surgeries have been suggested in the treatment of Keratocysts but working with an overview of the practice may render better outcomes. We conducted a literature review in the databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar as well as in the gray literature (books and thesis) for studies reporting on the pathogenesis, clinical prese...
Marginal Resection of Mandible for Treatment of Central Giant Cell Granuloma
Tatiane Fonseca Faro, Gabriela Madeira Araujo, Jose Rodrigues Laureano Filho, Ricardo Jose de Holanda Vasconcellos and Emanuel Dias de Oliveira e Silva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 07, 2018
Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is an uncommon benign bone lesion that occurs in the mandible and maxilla and accounts for approximately 7% of all benign tumors of the jaws. The clinical behavior of CGCG is classified as aggressive or non-aggressive based on clinical and radiographic features. CGCG usually occur in patients less than 30 years of age. The radiological findings are diverse, ranging from small unilocular to large multilocular lesions. Treatment can be non-surgical (alpha interf...
An Exploratory Study of the Knowledge, Perceptions, Confidence Levels, and Practices of Oral Implantology
Jana M Pierce
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 03, 2018
The All-On-4 (AO4) oral implant process positively impacts oral health related quality of life for edentulous individuals. The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge level, perceptions, confidence levels, and self-reported practices of oral professionals regarding AO4. A convenience sample of 324 dentists and 237 dental hygienists licensed in the state of Oregon were invited to participate in a self-administered electronic questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percent...
Childhood Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura: Oral Manifestations and Dental Care
Rafaela Brito Vasconcelos, Gabriela Brito Vasconcelos, Michele Gomes do Nascimento and Viviane Colares
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 01, 2018
Oral manifestations may be the first clinical signs of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) diagnosed by a pediatric dentist. The aim of the present study was to describe oral manifestations and dental care for patients with ITP. A narrative review of the literature was performed, involving a search in the MEDLINE (PubMED) electronic database for relevant articles published in English using the following keywords: "Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic", "Hematologic diseases" and "Dental c...
Microbiological Evaluation of Biofilm Formation on the Fixed Twin Block Appliance: A Clinical Trial
Vanashree Vilas Takane, Roopa Jatti, Kishore Bhat, Divya Keshan, Kanhoba Keluskar and Amit Jaisinghani
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2018
Fixed twin block-a fixed functional appliance, used in orthodontic therapy serves as a surface for microbial colonisation. The microorganisms organised as biofilms are protected from harmful environmental factors and an increased risk of disease may be its direct consequence. The employment of fixed acrylic based Twin Block appliance can represent a factor promoting the colonisation of the oral cavity by various micro-organisms and stresses the need of a careful monitoring of orthodontic patient...
Novel Multi-Functional Dental Cement for Enamel Remineralization and Anti-Cariogenic Bacteria Activity
Yukari Shinonaga, Kenji Arita, Rie Imataki, Michiko Takemura, Chikoto Nagaishi, Keiichi Kagami, Takako Nishimura, Yoko Abe, Sho Aoki, Masae Okuno and Kyoko Harada
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 24, 2018
This experimental study evaluated the release of fluoride and several minerals related to remineralization from a novel functional cement, apatite ionomer cement (AIC), and its anti-bacterial properties compared with glass ionomer cement (GIC) and surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer filler containing composite resin (giomer). Conventional GIC (Fuji III, GC Co., Tokyo, Japan) was used as the control and fundamental materials. In the AIC powder, 28% wt of GIC powder was replaced with spherical-shape...
Intratracheal Dental Prostheses as a Rare Cause of Chronic Stridor and Dyspnea
Osvaldo Araujo Ramirez
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 20, 2018
The human larynx is a complex organ, playing a major role in the protection of the lower airway; It's unusual for a foreign body to be inhaled rather than swallowed and when it happens constitutes a real life-threatening emergency. We present a case of a middle age female with a 13-month history of stridor and dyspnea, managed and treated as an asthma patient. After the airway was secured a direct microlaryngoscopy was performed removing the obstruction resulting to be a dental prostheses 50 mm ...
Itching Gingiva: An Early Sign of Pre-Inflammatory Pulp Necrosis or Unsuccessful Endodontic Treatment - A Case Series
Fendi Alshaarani, Imad Barngkgei, Easter Joury and Kanaan Elias
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 12, 2018
Pulp necrosis or unsuccessful endodontic treatment may be a painful process or be completely asymptomatic, regardless of their radiographic features. However, there is no report in the literature regarding the presence of an early sign of pulp necrosis preceding pulpal pain, incomplete endodontic fillings or radiographically complete endodontic fillings performed under unsterilized conditions. In this case series, we described four cases who had a common complaint of itching gingiva. The gingiva...
The Association between Chronic Periodontitis and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - A Review
Dongxue Zhang and Zuomin Wang
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 11, 2018
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, which is characterized by the destruction of the tooth-supporting structures resulting from an overreaction of the inflammatory process. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prime pulmonary disease characterized by a limitation in the airflow. The possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and COPD has become an increasing focus of research. The aspiration of oral pathogens into the lung is considered to be the major factor, because...
Acidity and Dental Erosion from Apple- and Grape-Juice (An in vitro and in vivo Report)
Louis ZG Touyz and Leonardo M Nassani
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 17, 2018
Analysis reveals apple and grape juices have pH below 5.5. Statistics consistently show significant (p < 0.01 Student-t paired data) increases in Calcium and Phosphorous leeched from dentate (WITH TEETH) subjects after swishing with apple and grape juices tested. Results provide strong evidence that rinsing with Apple or Grape juices will erode teeth. Grape is more erosive than apple juice. Apple and grape juices have acidity below critical pH 5.5; Both have strong buffering capacities and will ...
Does the Autologue Fibrin Glue Enhance the Regeneration of Intrabony Defects in Aggressive Periodontitis?
Omer Alperen Kirmizigul, Mustafa Ozay Uslu and Filiz USLU
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: September 13, 2018
Aggressive periodontitis is a rapid periodontal destruction that develops in early and affects systemically healthy individuals. As in all periodontal diseases, the main purpose of aggressive periodontitis treatment is to enable the patient to maintain his function and aesthetics with her natural teeth in optimal health conditions. The most appropriate treatment for this purpose is periodontal regeneration methods. In this case report, regenerative treatment of intrabony defects with xenograft a...
Orthodontic with Miniplates in the Correction of an Adult Case with Class II Malocclusion and Anterior Open Bite
Ali S Aljhani, Maryam Alhindi and Khalid H Zawawi
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: September 03, 2018
This case report illustrates an orthodontic treatment of a 23-year-old female patient presented with an Angle Class II malocclusion, open bite, bimaxillary dental protrusion and incompetent lips with the aid of titanium miniplates. After extraction of her maxillary first bicuspids and mandibular second bicuspids, fixed pre-adjusted bi-dimensional Edgewise appliances were placed. After alignment, titanium miniplates were surgically placed into the zygomatic buttresses bilaterally. Anterior retrac...
Managing Dental Patient with Auditory Deficit: Literature Review
Fabiana C Martinez H, Frederick Segura R and Jacqueline C Herrera M
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 01, 2018
Hearing is the usual way of acquiring language, which is one of the most important attributes of man. Language allows human beings to communicate with each other and has had a decisive participation in the development of society and its many cultures. Auditory deficit carries personal and social consequences, such as difficulties and/or conflicts when receiving care from the doctor or dentist....
Lingual Orthodontics Appliance, An Overview
Rand Bin Salloum, Lama AlRassan, Nouf Almukhaizeem, Amira Albluwi, Reem Alfayez and Deema Al Shammery
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 08, 2018
As the numbers of adult patients who seeking orthodontic treatment are increasing rapidly, the demand of aesthetic orthodontics has been increased, many appliances have been introduced to the market. The ultimate of which are appliances bonded to the lingual surfaces of the teeth. The current mini review is provided on the historical development of lingual appliances, advantages as well as disadvantages and cases selection....
Awareness and Knowledge of Oral Cancer among Dental Practitioners of Bhopal, India - A Cross-Sectional Study
Mudita Rawal, Pratik Chandrakant Malusare and Bhakti PatilSoman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 03, 2018
Oral and pharyngeal cancers are largely preventable and can be successfully treated when diagnosed at an early stage. Lack of dental practitioner knowledge has been shown to contribute to delays in referral and treatment. Early detection of oral cancers makes them more amenable to treatment, thus reducing morbidity and allowing the greatest chance of cure. The malignancy is often detected at advanced stages, when more aggressive therapies, often with poor and devastating outcomes for the patient...