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Review Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 3

Clinicopathological Study of Angiogenesis in Gastric Cancer

Evangeli S Lampri, Anna C Goussia and Niki J Agnantis

Many models of multistage tumorigenesis have been proposed to explain the conversion of a normal cell into a neoplastic one. In addition to all genetic and epigenetic changes, angiogenesis is necessary for the growth and expansion of tumors. Besides, no neoplastic lesion could not exceed the size of 2 mm if not supported by a rich vascular network.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5807/1510044

Review Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 3

A Review of Carcinoma Ex-Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Salivary Glands

Saeedeh Khalesi

One of the malignant forms of pleomorphic adenomas (PA) is carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA). Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is an uncommon malignant tumor with high aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. However, there are a few studies in this topic in the recent literature. Furthermore, the lesions are uncommon and often have a difficult diagnosis by clinicians and pathologists, because the residual small PA component and various malignancy subtypes may be present. In this study, we reviewed the recent studies in about clinical, radiographical, histopathological and molecular features of CA-ex-PA.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5807/1510043

Review Article  |   Volume 2, Issue 3

Basaloid Salivary Gland-Analogue Tumors of the Mammary Gland: Clinicopathologic Assessment of a Rare Subtype

Andrew L Walls, Lavinia P Middleton, Adel K El-Naggar and Aysegul A Sahin

Salivary and mammary glands share common ontology, but variable prevalence of tumor subtype frequency. Common primary salivary gland-type tumors are rare and less recognized in breast. Analogous to primary basaloid salivary tumors, basaloid mammary carcinomas, as in primary salivary, exhibit a spectrum of features from benign to malignant. The rarity and unfamiliarity of these tumors may lead to diagnostic and management challenges.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5807/1510042

Short Commentary  |   Volume 2, Issue 3

Images and Text Operation Records: Xi'an Agreement

Xiaopeng Yan, Liang Han, Xuemin Liu, Lin Fan, Zheng Wu and Yi Lv

Operation notes are a very important part of a patient's medical record. They not only record the operation process during the surgery, but also objectively describe the organs lesions. They play a useful role in the referral disease communication, pathological diagnosis, medical practice education, and cases review. However, the current operation notes are hand-written texts therefore many deficiencies as follows: 1. It is difficult to describe the difficult and complicated operation process accurately with the hand-writte notes; 2. It is hard to objectively describe the degree of pathological changes of complex lesions and the relationship with the surrounding organs, which may reduce the basic value of the operation notes. It difficult for pathology doctors to comprehensively understand the disease and make an accurate diagnosis.

  PDF   |    Full Text | DOI: 10.23937/2469-5807/1510041