Adult Glioblastoma and the Role of DAXX (Death Domain Associated Protein) Tumor Biomarker
Sean M Hacking, Cao Jin, Seungjun Ahn, Deepika Savant and Mansoor Nasim
Article Type: Retrospective Study | First Published: May 18, 2019
Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most aggressive primary brain cancer. GBM comprises 16% of all primary brain neoplasms with an incidence rate of 3.2 per 100,000 people. Patients with GBM have a poor prognosis, less than 5% of them survive for more than 5 years. In the treatment of GBM there is currently insufficient information to improve disease management because conventional treatments universally fail. Currently there is a crucial need to identify relevant t...
Proteinuria Level and Associated Changes in Glomerular Podocytes and Renal Tubular Epithelium
Maha M Arafah
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: April 29, 2019
The correlation between glomerular podocytes and renal tubular cells involved in handling of leaked proteins and the level of proteinuria was evaluated. Retrospective 22 cases of clinical proteinuria in patients with various glomerulopathies were retrieved and analyzed. Glomerulopathies in the concerned patients were pathologically diagnosed through light and electron microscopic examination of the submitted renal biopsies. Three cases with protein levels in urine within the acceptable normal ra...
Cellular Desmoplastic or Anaplastic Supratentorial Ependymoma with Neuronal Differentiation in Probable Associated to RELA Fusion? Case Report
Martha Lilia Tena-Suck, Armando Ruiz-Trevino, Laura Chavez-Macias, Carlos Penafiel-Salgado and Carlos Sanchez-Garibay
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 20, 2019
Cellular Ependymoma is a term losing in the new WHO 2016 criteria, actually are classified as classical or anaplastic or associated to RELA fusion. We presented a rare case report of classical cellular ependymoma in supratentorial location, which presented a neuronal differentiation and desmoplasia in a young man of 29-yr-old, Immunohistochemistry tumor cells expressed Neu-N, Synaptophysin, SNE, α-synuclein, beta tubulin, ubiquitin, neurofilament, D2DR, and GFAP and vimentin. This rare tumor is...
Predictive Value of Cerebrovascular Reserve in Patients with Carotid Artery Stenosis for Choosing Treatment Strategy
Аliev VA, Semenyutin VB and Panuntsev GK
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 08, 2019
The choice of treatment of carotid artery stenosis is firstly based on assessment of the degree of stenosis and embologeneity of the atherosclerotic plaque. But even in "good-risk" population it is still difficult to identify the patients who are particularly at high threat of stroke and would most benefit from carotid reconstruction. Along with common criteria numerous studies also focus on a prognostic role of a cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) and its state which allows to carry out more objecti...
Clinical and Genetics Findings in Mobius Syndrome: Role of Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 Mutations
Lineu Perrone Jr, Felipe Perozzo Daltoe, Luiz Carlos Areas Araujo, Fabio Daumas Nunes, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini and Andrea Mantesso
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 14, 2019
Mobius syndrome (MBS) is a rare congenital neurological disorder typically characterized by the absence or underdevelopment of the 6th and 7th cranial nerves, causing a loss of facial expression and strabismus. Other cranial nerves may be affected in addition to other structures such as the jaw, limbs, and anterior chest. While the primary cause of MBS has not yet been identified different hypotheses have been enumerated, including a possible genetic alteration. The Hoxb1 gene may be a good cand...