Lactate Dehydrogenase Level as an Early Predictor of Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn Duration and Complications
Mada Osefori, MD, Leen Jamel Doya, MD, Bana Nezha, MD and Adnan Dayoub
Article Type: Cross Sectional Study | First Published: June 11, 2021
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTNB) is a common cause of respiratory distress in the postnatal period. It is rarely associated with serious complications that need intensive care. Prediction of the complications during the first hours of hospitalization is very difficult, so the purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level in blood and the course of Transient tachypnea of the newborn (the duration of hospitalization, and the inci...
Bacteremia in Pediatric Gastroenterology Patients with Central Venous Catheters Presenting to the Emergency Department
Courtney E Brennan, MD, Choo Phei Wee, MS, Jared Schiff, MD and Alan L Nager, MD, MHA
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 21, 2021
Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for gastroenterology patients presenting to a single, Pediatric Emergency Department with fever and a CVC from April 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. The primary outcome measure is a positive blood culture. Additional variables studied include age, sex, history of prematurity, primary GI diagnosis, type of CVC and when it was inserted, the presence or absence of an enteral feeding tube, the use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), weight, ED presenting ...
Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in Low-Income African Countries
Adam C Gamber, Ethan M Toth, Hendrik J Vreman and Tina M Slusher
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 19, 2021
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, also known as jaundice, is a significant cause of neonate death and disability in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Lack of adequate healthcare facilities, unreliable diagnostic- and treatment equipment, limited parental knowledge, and inconsistent- or absent treatment protocols all contribute to exceptionally high rates of morbidity and mortality especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. This review summarizes the etiology and treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemi...