Case Report: Laryngocele- A Rare Cause of OSAS and Respiratory Distress
Shlomo Merchavy and Nadav Bartal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 16, 2015
Laryngocele is rare condition in which dilation of the laryngeal saccule that extends upward the false vocal cord, is filled with air, and is in communicating with the laryngeal lumen1. It can presents as neck mass or as cystic lesion in the neck. Awareness regarding this rare entity can help the physician in making the correct diagnosis....
A Study to Determine the Level of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on the Cause, Treatment, Prevention and Control of ILI Infections
Philip M Muthoka, Dismas Ongore and Mary Kinoti
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2015
ILI infections are infections of the human respiratory tract. They are caused by various viruses including corona viruses, adeno-viruses, influenza virus types A, B and C, among others (CDC- US, 2005). When these infections are circulating within the community, patients with ILI infections who have both cough and fever within 48 hours of symptom onset are likely to have influenza (A or B) infections. In Kenya, these infections cause significant morbidity leading to a lot of lost time of producti...
Discharge Care Bundle for Patients with Acute Exacerbations of COPD: Benefit more likely to be seen beyond 30 Days
Shorofsky M, Lebel M, Sedeno M, Zhi Li P and Bourbeau J
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 03, 2015
Background: COPD is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. The implementation of COPD 'discharge care bundles' has been proposed as having an impact on readmissions. We developed and implemented a discharge care bundle and the aim of this study was to evaluate its effects on utilization of hospital services in a real life setting. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review study from 2007-2013 to evaluate utilization of hospital services over three time per...
Chronic Rhinosinusitis is Associated with Airflow Obstruction in Japanese Never-Smokers without Asthma
Keita Matsumoto, Tomotaka Kawayama, Takashi Kinoshita, Shuwa Minami, Kazuko Matsunaga, Masako Nagafuchi, Tomoaki Hoshino and Toru Rikimaru
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 22, 2015
Background: The relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and airflow obstruction is still unclear. This cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether CRS is an independent risk factor for airflow obstruction in never-smokers without asthma. Methods: One hundred fifty-eight subjects aged ≥ 40 yr without asthma were divided into 4 groups: 22 never-smokers with CRS, 27 smokers with CRS, 69 never-smokers without CRS, and 40 smokers without CRS. Subjects with airflow obstr...
Management of a Refractory Malignant Pleural Effusion in a Patient with Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Case Report
Maria M Wilczynska and Helen E Davies
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2015
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common presenting feature of underlying malignancy and frequently results in debilitating symptoms. In chemosensitive malignancies, such as lymphoma, small cell lung or ovarian cancers, chemotherapy is often considered the fist line treatment, however if unsuccessful, pleural intervention to achieve fluid control is required. This may include therapeutic thoracentesis, chest drain insertion, thoracoscopy, chemical pleurodesis, and use of an ambulatory indwel...