Association between Cigarette Smoking and Serum Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Level
Dongcheol Lee, Hyun Wuk Kang and Yu Il Kim
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: Lee D, Kang HW, Il Kim Y (2019) Association betwee
Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is an enzyme mainly produced from the cells of the hepatobiliary tract. And, it has been introduced as a biomarker for oxidative stress mainly by alcohol consumption and current smoking. This study was performed to evaluate the association between smoking status and serum GGT concentration. The effect of cigarette smoking on serum activities of the enzyme, GGT was investigated using the data of the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (5th KN...
Age and Incidence of Pharyngeal Candidiasis in Patients Undergoing Bronchoscopy
Victor Omiwole, Sardar Ali and Junaid Ali
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 09, 2019
Candidiasis is a type of fungal infection that often spreads to the skin, mouth, throat, esophagus, and vagina. It is caused by the build-up of yeast called Candida. There are multiple types of Candida that can be infective agents, with C. albicans being the most prevalent. When it spreads to the mouth and throat, it is called thrush or otherwise known as Oropharyngeal Candidiasis. In this retrospective study, the frequency of candidiasis in the throat (pharyngeal), was examined exclusively in 1...
Steroid Induced Psychosis in a Rare Case of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia
Bryn Dhir and Rachit Kumar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 07, 2019
We report a case of an 84-year-old female with altered mental status and known Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia suspected from high dose steroid who presented for medical management of acute psychosis. This case centers on the inpatient management of older patients in the setting of steroid use with consideration given to dosing, supportive care and therapy during management. Iatrogenic psychiatric conditions due to therapeutic medical management of pulmonary diseases can be complic...
A Rare Cause of Respiratory Distress in Infants: Double Aortic Arch
Tolga Bacak, Sebnem Ozdogan, Seda Geylani Gulec and Evrim Ozmen
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 21, 2019
Vascular ring, which is a rare cause of respiratory distress in infants, results in respiratory and gastrointestinal findings due to tracheal and/or esophageal compression, but the diagnosis may be delayed because of the nonspecific symptoms. Double aortic arch is the most common vascular ring anomaly. A case of double aortic arch presented with respiratory distress, stridor, and feeding intolerance during infancy is discussed. Vascular ring is seen with an incidence of 1% in all congenital card...
Acute Liver Injury: Due to a Rare Case Accompanied by Cardiac and Pulmonary Complications
Fatih Zengin, Vafa Suleymanova, Mehmet Rasih Sonsoz and Mustafa Erelel
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2019
One of the most important causes of acute hepatitis is vascular pathologies of the liver. There are several well-recognized forms of vascular injury to the liver, including Budd-Chiari syndrome, ischemic hepatitis, hepatic infarction and passive congestion due to hemodynamic instability. We present a case of acute liver injury accompanied by hemodynamic and respiratory pathologies. A 53-year-old lady was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting for...
Effectiveness and Safety of Tunneled Pleural Catheter Placement in Patients with Malignant Pleural Effusions
Francisco Leon-Roman, Beatriz Pintado-Cort, Diana Chiluiza-Reyes, Edwin Mercedes- Noboa, Carmen Rodriguez-Calle, Diurbis Velasco-Alvarez, Andrea Perez-Figuera, Esther Barbero-Herranz, Paola Arrieta-Narvaez, Carlos Almonacid-Sanchez, Andres Quezada-Loaiza, Beatriz Prieto-Gonzalez and Deisy Barrios-Barreto
Article Type: Review article | First Published: September 26, 2019
Malignant pleural effusion (PE) is a frequent complication that worsens the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage oncologic disease. Preceded only by parapneumonic PE, malignancy is one of the most common causes of pleural exudates and lung cancer accounts for as much as 37% of these cases. We used the modified scale of the Medical Research Council (mMRC) to assess for degree of dyspnea, the scale of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) to measure the functional capac...
Posterior Vitreous Detachment Prevalence in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hatice Daldal, Musa Yigit and Yavuz Bardak
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 31, 2019
142 eyes of 71 consecutive patients with COPD who are applied to ophthalmology clinic were included in the retrospective study from January 2012 to August 2013. Trauma, ophthalmologic surgery history, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, chorioretinitis, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal detachment and tears in the anamnesis and ophthalmologic examination were excluded from study. The visual acuity of the patients was assessed using Snellen chart. Intraocular pressure was measured with applanation tonomet...
Management of Obstructive Bronchial Fibrolipoma Bronchoscopically
Sinem Nedime Sokucu, Cengiz Ozdemir, Ozlem Kahya, Seda Tural Onur and Levent Dalar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 29, 2019
Lipomas are unsual tumors endobroncially and they make 0.1 - 0.5% of lung tumors. Diagnosis is often misleading due to these non-specific symptoms and the appearance of the mass on imaging studies. Biopsy is the key feature for the diagnosis. The treatment for endobronchial lipoma is surgical or endoscopic resection. Early treatment may prevent distal lung damage. A patient with a mass lesion as a coincidental finding after chest trauma diagnosed as endobronchial fibrolipomatosis. Endobronchial ...
Diagnostic Yield of Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy for the Evaluation of Chronic Cough in Patients with Normal Chest X-Ray
Zainab Syed, Ro- Jay Reid and Roberto Solis
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 25, 2019
Approximately 30 million annual clinic visits are attributed to cough in the United States. Moreover, evaluation and management of persistent cough in pulmonary clinics account for roughly 40% of patient volume. The most common etiologies are: Upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), asthma, non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) - all of which are treatable. However, despite avoidance of triggers and medical therapy, there remains an elusive diagnosi...
A Case of Pregnancy in a Patient with Idiopathic Fibrosing Mediastinitis
Jeffrey Miller and Jean Elwing
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 11, 2019
We report a case of a 36-years-old female with known Fibrosing Mediastinitis (FM) suspected from prior Histoplamosis infection who presented for medical induction of first pregnancy. The case centers on the outpatient and peripartum management of pregnant patients in the setting of FM with consideration given to method of delivery and anesthetic options during delivery....