International Journal of

Sports and Exercise MedicineISSN: 2469-5718


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510119

Effect of Eight Weeks of Exercise Training on Lipid Profile and Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Person

NGAYIMBESHA Adrien, BIZIMANA Jean Berchmans and GAKIMA Marie Stella

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 11, 2019

Obesity is a metabolic abnormality characterized by increased levels of plasma free fatty acids and triglycerides, decreased levels of High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL), and abnormal Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) composition. The most significant contributing factor for obesity-related dyslipidemia is likely uncontrolled fatty acid release from adipose tissue, especially visceral adipose tissue, through lipolysis, which causes increased delivery of fatty acids to the liver and synthesis of Very-Low...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510118

Learning from Pokemon GO and Preparing for Potter: The Impact of Augmented Reality Video Games on Adolescent Physical Activity

Laura McLaughlin BA, Prithwijit Das MSEd, Kate Fruitman BA and Ruth Milanaik DO

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 11, 2019

Only 25% of US high school students meet CDC physical activity guidelines. Over 40% report playing video games for > 3 hours/day. This epidemic of inactivity may lead to health consequences including obesity. Augmented Reality Games (ARGs) may increase activity through video gameplay. Our objective was to quantify the effect of an ARG, Pokemon GO, on adolescent physical activity. Pokemon GO led to a minimal but significant initial increase in activity. Although future studies are needed to deter...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510117

Accelerated Junctional Rhythm in Athlete's Heart: An Unusual Presentation

Lahut D, Bodur B and Tosun O

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 11, 2019

The athlete's heart refers to a heart which has gained physiological adaptation mechanisms due to long term training in various sport activities. Sinus bradycardia, sinus arrhythmia, first degree atrioventricular block and second degree mobitz type I AV blocks are most common electrocardiographic findings in athlete's heart. In our case we observed first degree atrioventricular block with pathological PR interval values second degree mobitz type I (Wenckebach) atrioventricular block and accelera...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510116

Treatment of the Myofascial Trigger-Points of Triceps Surae: A Systematic Review

Mathias Simon, Albert Perez-Bellmunt, Olivier Peillon, Paolo Ragazzi, Alexandra Myers Escola and Carlos Lopez-de-Celis

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: January 31, 2019

Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the triceps surae muscles are very frequent and their presence may be implicated in pain, such as nocturnal night cramps. These points cause important limitations to athletic performance and daily activities. For this reason, treatment of these MTrPs are essential in the clinical field and have been addressed by a large number of therapeutic strategies. Therefore, the aim of this review is to analyze treatments available for the MTrPs in the triceps surae and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510115

A Correlation Study of Lower-Limb Gait Biomechanics with Clinical Severity in Patients with Achilles Tendinopathy

Ogbonmwan I and Kumar BD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 16, 2019

Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common lower-limb overuse sports injuries and is also frequent in the general population. Annual incidence rates of Achilles tendon complaints have been reported as 7% and 9% respectively in elite runners and 14% generally in athletes. A large cohort of 57,725 Dutch patients registered with a GP established an annual incidence rate of mid-portion Achilles Tendinopathy as 1.85 per 1000 patients registered. Remarkably only 35% of the cases in the study were...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510114

Epidemiology of Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures in Men and Women

Maria Casado, Roberto Seijas, Albert Perez-Bellmunt, Raul Navarro, Paolo Ragazzi and Pedro Alvarez

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 14, 2019

In the practice of sports that require impact and pivot movements such as football or skiing, knee injuries are common and among these is important to underline the rupture of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). Non-contact movements cause a 70% of ACL injuries and there is a high incidence of ruptures in women. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyse what are the causes for the difference in incidence between men and women in terms of ACL ruptures. Through the search in the previ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510113

Non-Traumatic First Rib Fractures Secondary to Opposing Muscle Contractions: A Case Series

Jamie L Weis

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2019

While first rib fractures typically occur from direct, traumatic injuries and have high rates of serious complication, less commonly, non-traumatic first rib fractures are encountered in young athletes. This paper presents the cases of a teenage basketball player with a first rib fracture after stretching, and that of a teenage cheerleader with a first rib fracture from straining to lift another cheerleader. Both patients became asymptomatic following conservative treatment and returned to sport...

Volume 5
Issue 1