Treatment of the Myofascial Trigger-Points of Triceps Surae: A Systematic Review
Mathias Simon, Albert Perez-Bellmunt, Olivier Peillon, Paolo Ragazzi, Alexandra Myers Escola and Carlos Lopez-de-Celis
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: January 31, 2019
Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the triceps surae muscles are very frequent and their presence may be implicated in pain, such as nocturnal night cramps. These points cause important limitations to athletic performance and daily activities. For this reason, treatment of these MTrPs are essential in the clinical field and have been addressed by a large number of therapeutic strategies. Therefore, the aim of this review is to analyze treatments available for the MTrPs in the triceps surae and...
A Correlation Study of Lower-Limb Gait Biomechanics with Clinical Severity in Patients with Achilles Tendinopathy
Ogbonmwan I and Kumar BD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 16, 2019
Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common lower-limb overuse sports injuries and is also frequent in the general population. Annual incidence rates of Achilles tendon complaints have been reported as 7% and 9% respectively in elite runners and 14% generally in athletes. A large cohort of 57,725 Dutch patients registered with a GP established an annual incidence rate of mid-portion Achilles Tendinopathy as 1.85 per 1000 patients registered. Remarkably only 35% of the cases in the study were...
Epidemiology of Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures in Men and Women
Maria Casado, Roberto Seijas, Albert Perez-Bellmunt, Raul Navarro, Paolo Ragazzi and Pedro Alvarez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 14, 2019
In the practice of sports that require impact and pivot movements such as football or skiing, knee injuries are common and among these is important to underline the rupture of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). Non-contact movements cause a 70% of ACL injuries and there is a high incidence of ruptures in women. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyse what are the causes for the difference in incidence between men and women in terms of ACL ruptures. Through the search in the previ...
Non-Traumatic First Rib Fractures Secondary to Opposing Muscle Contractions: A Case Series
Jamie L Weis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2019
While first rib fractures typically occur from direct, traumatic injuries and have high rates of serious complication, less commonly, non-traumatic first rib fractures are encountered in young athletes. This paper presents the cases of a teenage basketball player with a first rib fracture after stretching, and that of a teenage cheerleader with a first rib fracture from straining to lift another cheerleader. Both patients became asymptomatic following conservative treatment and returned to sport...