Influencers of Health Related Quality of Life in People with Faecal Incontinence
Stephanie L Inat, Tiffany K Gill and Jodie C Avery
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2019
Faecal Incontinence (FI) is a common debilitating condition that, significantly decreases health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, there is uncertainty about its prevalence and the factors that modulate the relationship between FI and HRQoL, which reduces the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical and public-health interventions. Data was taken from the 2004 representative cross-sectional population South Australian Health Omnibus, n = 3015 men and women aged 15 and over. The main outc...
A Submandibular Mass in an Elderly Patient
Ines Rego de Figueiredo, Rita Vieira Alves, Sara Guerreiro Castro, Filipa Lourenco, Ana Margarida Antunes, Manuela Martins, Heidi Gruner and Antonio Panarra
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 18, 2019
The diagnosis of a neck mass can present a challenge. In the adult the most common diagnosis is malignancy, and both primary and metastatic tumors should be considered. Other frequent options are infectious processes. We present the case of an 88-year-old female patient with a submandibular mass with inflammatory signs, unresponsive to antibiotic therapy, with fine needle aspiration biopsy showing an inflammatory lesion. The mass developed over a month with associated anorexia resulting in admis...
Haemoglobin Level in Oldest Old with Active Aging: Analysis of a Brazilian Population
Niele Silva de Moraes, Thais Priscila Biassi, GrazielleMecabo, Elvira Maria Guerra Shinohara, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Thiago Xavier Carneiro and Maria Stella Figueiredo
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 14, 2019
The decline in haemoglobin (Hb) levels with advanced age is a widely known event. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether this is a normal consequence of aging or a feature of age-related comorbidities. The World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of anaemia, although commonly used, was based on small epidemiological data and did not include individuals over 64-years-old. The aim of the present study is to evaluate haemoglobin levels and establish a reference range for a Brazilian population ...
Clinical and Etiological Study of Onychomycosis in Institutionalized Elderly in Goiania City, Goias State, Brazil
Jefferson Teixeira Oliveira, Mateus Silva Santos, Wesley Vieira Naves, Hygor Lima Costa, Andressa Santana Santos, Vivianny Aparecida Queiroz Freitas, Maria do Rosario Rodrigues Silva, Milton Camplesi Junior, Antonio Marcio Teodoro Cordeiro Silva and Fabio Silvestre Ataides
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 15, 2019
Onychomycosis is fungal nail infection, which can be associated with some factors, such as decreased nail growth and immunodeficiency, makes the elderly predisposed to onychomycosis. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of onychomycosis in elderly institutionalized, and to verify the effects that the infection had in their daily routine. This study was carried in gerontological complexes of Goiânia, Goias, Brazil, with 58 elderly who exhibited clinical suspicion of onych...
Effect of Vitamin D Level and Physical Exercise on the Physical Performance and Functional Test Results in Elderly Women
Neide AP Nascimento, Patricia FP Moreira, Vanessa A Carvalho, Levy Aragao, Rosangela Villa Marin-Mio, Marise Lazaretti-Castro and Maysa S Cendoroglo
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: January 23, 2019
Global awareness on vitamin D deficiency and its consequences has been increasing. Furthermore, there is substantial agreement among all guidelines that serum 25(OH)D concentrations < 25-30 nmol/L should be avoided in all age groups. In addition, hypovitaminosis D is a world health problem, and Brazil has an elevated prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among its population. In general, a 25(OH)D level of less than 20 ng/mL has been associated with neuromuscular performance issues in elderly people i...
Integrating Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) into Health Care of Elderly-A Short Review
Yun-Tai Chen, Yu-Liang Chen, Fu-Yang Ko and Lun-Chien Lo
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: January 23, 2019
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) emphasizes the combination of: The physical, psychological, spiritual, social, and environmental aspects. These aspects encourage human beings to live in harmony with the rhythm of nature. We believe these principles match with up the ideas of holistic care, and the characteristics of TCM therapies are much gentler and safer for the elderly. Nowadays, significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of TCM for seniors' health care. In this short revie...
Could we Spare Carbapenems for Empiric Therapy in ESBL-Enterobacteriaceae Colonized Elderly with Community-Onset Sepsis?
NAHTIGAL KLEVISAR Mirijam, LUSA Lara, TERZIC Sara, MUELLER-PREMRU Manica, PIRS Mateja and STUPICA Dasa
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: January 21, 2019
The preference for empiric antibiotic therapy with carbapenems over non-carbapenems in all extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) colonized patients with sepsis warrants further investigation from an ecologic perspective; even more so in the elderly (≥ 65 years) because the proportion of ESBL-E in adults increases with patients' age. In this retrospective observational study, enrolling 547 ESBL-E colonized elderly patients with community-onset sepsis, hospitalized...
An Exploratory Analysis of the Role of Religion in Colorectal Cancer Screening among Safety-Net Clinic Patients
Crystal Y Lumpkins, K Allen Greiner, Christine Daley, Jannette Berkley-Patton, Jinxiang Hu and Shana Palla
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 11, 2019
Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence among low income populations is disproportionate when compared to the general population. Cancer screening studies show religion as a potentially influential factor in individual screening. The present study was an exploratory analysis of religious involvement (RI) among older safety-net clinic patients who participated in 90-day follow up calls during an intervention trial. Results show RI among participants (n = 185) did not significantly predict nor was assoc...