Factors Associated with Not Being Tested for HIV among MSM Population in Bamako, Mali
Telly N, Sangho O, Ballo T, Maiga M, Lahuerta M, Padmaja P, Diawara F, Tounkara M, Traore B, Traoré S and Doumbia S
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 28, 2020
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are known to have a higher risk of being infected by HIV. Clinical and public health programs need to incorporate strategies to increase regular HIV testing among MSM in order to control and prevent new infections. A cross-sectional bio-behavioral survey among MSM in Bamako, Mali, was conducted using respondent- driven sampling to study factors associated with not being HIV tested in this vulnerable population. The study participants were ≥ 18-years-old and had ...
Probable Factors Contributing to the Fast Spread of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Ethiopia
Tekalign Kejela, Ph.D
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 17, 2020
The novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has been a major public health trait across the world since its first emergence in Wuhan, China in 29th December 2019. The fact that the disease is new little has been known about the virus and factors contributing to the fast spread of the virus. WHO recommendations to control the spread of the virus are universal and needs contextualization further analysis of contributing factors at country level. Hence, countries across the globe implemented different control...
Exposure Incidents and Outcome of Lassa Fever Virus (LASV) Infection among Healthcare Workers in Nigeria, 2019
Muhammad Saleh, Chioma Dan-Nwafor, Oladipupo Ipadeola, Winifred Ukponu, Sandra Mba, Chukwuyem Abejegah, Adunola Oyegoke, Usman Adekanye, Moses Tuko, Lateefat Amao, Adebola Olayinka, Lois Olajide, Osahogie Edeawe, Ibrahim Maigari, Patrick Echekwube Damian Nwidi, John Oladejo, Elsie Ilori and Chikwe Ihekweazu
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 15, 2020
Lassa fever (LF) is a zoonotic disease endemic in Nigeria. Primary infection through exposure to excreta, urine or saliva of infected rodents is the most common mode of infection. There is documented evidence of human to human (HTH) transmission, especially among healthcare workers (HCWs) who are more at risk of nosocomial transmission in a hospital environment. In the 2018 Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria, eight percent of all cases occurred among HCWs. This paper describes the patterns of expos...
An Examination of COVID-19 among Healthcare Workers in a Highly Affected Region of the Bronx, New York City
Adetokunbo Obayemi, MD, Rita Roure, MD, Brittany Taylor, MD, Brian Altonen, MS, MPH, Akinola Fisher, MD and Victoria E Banuchi, MD, MPH
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 07, 2020
Health care workers (HCWs) have been disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, but this specific population’s infection risk remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of COVID-19 infection and associated predictors among select hospital staff in the Bronx, New York City. 919 SARS-CoV2 RT-PCR results were retrospectively reviewed from 890 HCWs seeking testing between March 18th and April 24th, 2020. Demographic data, job title, clinical history, PCR r...
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Covid-19 among a Cross-Sectional Sample from Karachi, Pakistan: Descriptive Data
Naseem Ahmed, Wardah Hassan, Rabia Rasool, Usman Fahim, Ayesha Shakil and Kiran Shafiq Khan
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2020
COVID-19, short for coronavirus disease 2019 is responsible for causing coronavirus disease that has been declared as a pandemic. On 30th January it was declared as the worldwide emergency crisis. It is very similar to its previous strain SARS-CoV that was known to cause an outbreak in 2002. Another strain MERS-CoV was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. COVID-19 is first identified in Wuhan, China then it spread to multiple countries and become a significant danger for the globe. On 26th ...
An Atypical Case Presentation of a Mammary Pseudotumor in a Young Moroccan Woman
Ilyas El Kassimi, Meryem Zaizaa, Nawal Sahel, Zakaria Toufga, Amine Kessab, Amal Baicha, Adil Rkiouak and Youssef Sekkach
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 24, 2020
Some tuberculosis locations are rare or even exceptional and mammary tuberculosis (MT) is the least frequent one among visceral locations. MT still presents difficulties both in its diagnosis and treatment. We’re reporting the case of a 24-years-old female patient, with no medical history, for instance, no tuberculosis contact. She was admitted for exploration of a fever associated to a general state deterioration, and arthralgia, the physical examination found a lump in her right breast, an e...
Modelling and Forecasting of COVID-19 in India
Pradeep Mishra, Abdullah Mohammad Ghazi Al Khatib, Iqra Sardar, Jamal Mohammed, M Ray, Manish Kumar, Deepa Rawat, SA Pandey, Anurag Dubey, Jos Feys and Kipkoech Rono
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 18, 2020
Novel corona virus (Covid-19) is biggest challenge for whole world. World Health Organization (WHO) mentioned this is epidemic.Data has been collected from 209 different individual situation reports of World health organization for Covid-19 in India. First compared the forecasting models on the basis minimum AIC, MAPE, MAE and then best model have been used for forecasting on the India epidemiological data to anticipate the epidemiological pattern of the prevalence. New and total deaths and occu...
Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma: A Case Report
Richard H Zou, MD, Vi Dam-Bao Nguyen, BS, Patrice A Zigrossi, MD, John M Beckham, MD, Brandon J Smith, MD, PharmD, Matthew J Gorgone, DO, Haris Zia, MD, Daniel Martinez Coconubo, MD, Michael S Landau, MD, Humberto E Trejo Bittar, MD, FACP, Roy W Semaan, MD, Georgios D Kitsios, MD, PhD and Christiane M Hadi, MD, MPH, MSc
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 13, 2020
Pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a low-grade malignant neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), seen predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Classically, diagnosis relies on the combination of clinical history, exclusion of alternative infectious and neoplastic etiologies, and histopathologic confirmation of proliferating spindle cells staining positive for HHV-8. Tissue-based diagnosis requires bronchoscopy with biopsy and is associated with procedural complications, such as blee...
Ocular Manifestation of Lyme Disease: A Rare Case of Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion
Nasha Elavia, Si Li, Yichen Wang, Ibitola Yusuf and John Weisenreider
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 13, 2020
A 63-year-old male from Northeastern Pennsylvania presented in fall with the complaint of sudden onset of blurred vision in the right eye. This was preceded by a history of Lyme arthritis diagnosed with positive immunoglobulin titers (IgG and IgM) on Western blot analyses of the synovial fluid four weeks ago. His past medical history was remarkable for hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The sudden decrease in right eye visual acuity was moderate and reported at all distances. The patient denied an...
Genotype 4 Reassortant Eurasian Avian-like H1N1 Virus: Are We Ready for Another Global Threat or Pandemic?
Mujahed I Mustafa, Ayman Ahmed and Abdelrafie M Makhawi
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: September 13, 2020
The currently developing devastating pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has took over the global attention. Meanwhile, another virus with high potentiality to grow into a global pandemic has emerged in China, where human infections of the strain genotype 4 (G4) reassortant Eurasian avian-like (EA) H1N1 virus had been reported. However, fortunately human-to-human transmission was not detected yet but we need to keep an eye out for such potential scenario particularly that by the ...
Clinical Signs of River Blindness and the Efficacy of Ivermectin Therapy in Idogun, Ondo State, Nigeria
Afolabi Olajide Joseph
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 12, 2020
River blindness is a skin, and an eye disease caused by Onchocerca volvulus and vectored by a female hematophagous blackfly. The study aims to evaluate the distribution of the clinical signs of river blindness and the efficacy of Ivermectin in the treatment of river blindness in Idogun. Observational studies in epidemiology which involve the use of structured questionnaire to obtain useful epidemiological information from the respondents, physical assessment via palpation from head to ankle was ...
Genetic Diversity of Listeria monocytogenes Isolates from Pregnancy-Associated Listeriosis Occurring in Argentina from 1986 to 2016
Mónica Prieto, Claudia Martínez, Lucía Cipolla, Florencia Rocca and Rita Armitano
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 04, 2020
One case of pregnancy-related listeriosis was defined as a pregnant woman or newborn infant aged < 28 days from whom L. monocytogenes has been isolated from a sterile site such as the blood, placenta or cerebrospinal fluid. Based on epidemiological and clinical data available, cases were classified as: Maternal infection with ongoing pregnancy, fetal loss and live born neonatal listeriosis. Fetal loss was defined as the death of the fetus that occurred prior to the complete expulsion or removal ...
Prevalence of Scabies and Associated Factors among Primary School Children in Raya Alamata District, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017/2018
Sindayo Tefera, Molla Teferi, Assefa Ayalew, Tilahun Belete and Haven Hadush
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 03, 2020
Scabies is a skin infection that is a result of direct skin to skin contact and is primarily mediated by close and extended contact with scabies infested person. Scabies occurs worldwide among people of all ages, races, genders and social classes and has been identified as a neglected tropical infectious disease. Globally, it affects more than 130 million people at any time. The aim of the study was to assess prevalence of scabies and associated factors among primary school children in Raya Alam...