Retrospective Evaluation of Post-Hip Arthroplasty and Knee Infections: Frequency, Associated Risk Factors and Developments
Maria Letícia Braga, Juliana Fulgêncio Henriques, Marco Antônio Percope de Almeida, Soraya de Almeida Sanches, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Paulo Henrique Mourão and Wanessa Trindade Clemente
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 28, 2021
The related infection to the orthopedic prosthesis implant is the main cause of faults or failures associated with arthroplasties and include aseptic loosening, dislocation, prosthesis or bone fracture. These infections are difficult to eradicate and persist until the removal of the foreign body. The objective of this work is to make a descriptive analysis of cases of primary arthroplasty of the hip and knee and the possible risk factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI). This is a c...
Antibody Development through SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Vaccination in India
Arjun Ghosh, Kaushik Saha, Amal Das, Suchandan Bhattacharjee, Arijit Pani, Gostha Gopal Shee, Piyali Ray, Dipak Singh, Soumika Biswas, Somnath Murmu, Subhasish Dutta, Anuleena Dasgupta, Anushka Ghosh, Suborno Jati, Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, Malini Sen and Gourisankar Ghosh
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 19, 2021
In this study, we examined the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the dose-dependent efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine Covishield (Oxford/AstraZeneca). During the period between December 2020 and February 2021, we tested the level of natural infection among individuals by estimating the reactivity of their sera towards SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) and nucleoprotein (N) proteins. The seropositivity of the population in different communities ranged from 17% to 51%, depending on their connectivity to the ne...
Lessons from the Past: Methodological Issues Arising from Comparison of the Disease Burden of the Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic 2009-10 and Seasonal Influenza 2010-2019 in the United States
James A Koziol, Ph.D. and Jan E Schnitzer, M.D.
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: July 19, 2021
Annual influenza outbreaks constitute a major public health concern, both in the United States and worldwide. Comparisons of the health burdens of outbreaks might lead to the identification of specific at-risk populations, for whom public health resources should be marshaled appropriately and equitably. We examined the disease burden of the 2009-10 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic relating to illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and mortality, compared to influenza seasons 2010 to 2019, in th...
Emerging Strain (H5N8) of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus: An Impending Pandemic Threat
Yusuf Amuda Tajudeen, Nimat Toyosi Ajide-Bamigboye and Iyiola Olatunji Oladunjoye
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: July 19, 2021
The rapid evolution and spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI A(H5N1) viruses is a global threat not only to poultry farming and wildlife conservation but also to the public health communities as a result of the animalhuman (zoonosis) cases of its genetic reassortant (H5N8) recently detected in seven poultry workers in Russia. However, considering the increased fatalities in poultry and wild birds, and the potential of zoonosis in escalating to a deadly pandemic, there is a need f...
COVID-19: Experience of the Epidemic Treatment Center in Ziguinchor, Southern Region of Senegal
Kalilou Diallo, Mame Aissé Thioubou, Bruce Shinga Wembulua, Yaya Kane, Mame Ngoné Coly, Abdou Badiane, Simon Joel Manga, Denis Barboza, Habib Sarr, Mamadou Cherif Aidara, Ansoumana Diatta and Noel Magloire Manga
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 15, 2021
The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) started in December 2019 in China and has become few months later, a public health emergency of international concern, then became a pandemic. In Senegal, the first cases were declared in March 2020. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the disease in Ziguinchor, southern region of Senegal and to identify the factors associated with the death of the cases. Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional s...