Comparison of Nutrition Screening and Assessment Parameters in Predicting Length of Hospital Stay
Susetyowati, Hamam Hadi, Mohammad Hakimi and Ahmad Husain Asdie
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 05, 2018
Prospective cohort study in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, the central hospital in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. Subjects are 326 adult patients within 48 hours of hospital admission. We using The Simple Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST), Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and Short Nutritional Assessment Questioner (SNAQ), and Nutritional Assessment (anthropometric and biochemical measurements)....
Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Factors in Cancer
M Waheed Roomi, Aleksandra Niedzwiecki and Matthias Rath
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 28, 2018
Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that a proper diet and a healthy life style can decrease the risk of cancer by up to 70%. The cancers most closely related to nutrition are breast and endometrial cancers in women and prostate and gastrointestinal cancers in men. The review outlines that many anti-oxidants, vitamins, phytochemicals, and other micronutrients in food have cancer preventing effects, while many food additives, pesticide residues and high consumption of charbroiled mea...
Assessing Iodine Status in Frontline Healthcare
Ciara Wright and Heather Leeson
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 07, 2018
Iodine is essential for the synthesis of thyroid hormones and both hypothyroidism and iodine deficiency are prevalent worldwide. Assessing iodine status in the individual is difficult. Spot urine iodine measurement, while readily available, is not accurate. However, combining the clinical picture with a brief dietary history along with this simple measurement may give further insight into the likely iodine requirements of an individual. Supporting nutritional deficiency in subclinical hypothyroi...
Nutritional Status of Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease
Samara Agda dos Santos, Cecilia Lacroix de Oliveira, Paulo Ivo Cortez and Claudia dos Santos Cople Rodrigues
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 31, 2018
We identified 37 articles that describe low weight, short stature and overweight or obesity prevalence ranging between 3 and 100%, 8.2% and 24.0%, 1.6% and 22.4%, respectively. The associated factors to the growth deficit were the increase of resting energy expenditure, the presence of low bone density, the high prevalence of low zinc and D-vitamin plasma concentration, the low consume of calcium and D-vitamin, vessel occlusion crises, increased need of transfusions and hormonal amendments prese...
Absorption of Hydroxytyrosol from Different Sources and its Impact on Lipid Status in Human Subjects
Simone Siefer, Roland Wacker, Manfred Wilhelm and Christiane Schoen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 09, 2018
There is growing interest in the health effects of dietary polyphenols on cardiovascular risk factors. In this context, the effect of hydroxytyrosol on lipid status was investigated in healthy subjects. Hydroxytyrosol, a polyphenol especially known from olive oil, is available on the market from different sources. Absorption from those sources is prerequisite for its effects....