The Efficacy, Safety and Side-Effect Profile of the Ketogenic Diet in the Treatment of Pediatric Super-Refractory Status Epilepticus
Gurkan Gurbuz, Burcu Kumru, Sevinc Ozsevik, Ali Evren Bilgic and Aycan Unalp
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 16, 2019
Four of the six patients (66.6%) were female. Patients’ mean age was 2.8 years (min: 1, max: 9 years). Four epileptic encephalopathies were determined, two Lennox- Gastaut, one WWOX encephalopathy, and one undiagnosed epileptic encephalopathy. Mean time from the start of status epilepticus to start of ketogenic diet was 13.1 days (min: 8, max: 20) and mean duration of the ketogenic diet was 4.1 months (min: 1, max: 8). One patient's seizures ceased, and the seizures of two other patients decre...
Lifestyle Behaviors in Relation to Dietary Quality by Diabetes Status in U.S. Adults
Afnan A Al-Ibrahim, PhD and Robert T Jackson, PhD, RD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 07, 2019
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing program of the National Center for Health Statistics, which is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NHANES is a cross-sectional survey that collects information on the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Participants in the NHANES surveys are selected using a complex, stratified multistage probability cluster s...
Potential Therapeutic Effects and Bioavailability of Wogonin, the Flavone of Baikal Skullcap
Zahra Gharari, Khadijeh Bagheri, Mortaza Khodaeiaminjan and Ali Sharafi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
The flavonoids extracted from dried roots of Scutellaria species have been used in traditional Eastern medicine for the treatment of several human ailments, including cancer and inflammation. Modern science proved that wogonin is one of the major bioactive agents responsible for the physiological activity of Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.), which has been regarded as a potent anticancer agent. In this mini review, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activity of wogoni...
Five Fruit and Vegetable a Day Does Not Reflect the Upward Trend of Obesity in the U.S.
Yilin Yoshida, Chester L Schmaltz, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Adam Bouras, Esmaeel Rahmani and Eduardo J Simoes
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 27, 2019
After almost three decades of U.S. surveillance in fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake and obesity, it is important to evaluate their usefulness for monitoring prevention and health promotion efforts in public health. We used U.S. surveillance data to evaluate whether the 16-year trends of F&V intake, measured by the prevalence of eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day (FV5/day) is related to obesity trend as measured by its prevalence in the same period. We also evaluated whet...