Mediterranean Diet versus a Low-Carbohydrate Diet in Reducing Colorectal Cancer Risk
Crystal McGeown, DMSc
Article Type: Literature Review | First Published: December 16, 2021
A variety of foods have been studied in relation to colorectal cancer risk. There is research on certain foods that cause colon cancer or have a protective factor against it but there is limited research comparing diets. While the literature indicates a benefit to the Mediterranean diet in reducing the risk of colon cancer, studies on a lowcarbohydrate diet, such as the Atkins or ketogenic diets, and the incidence of colorectal cancer are less common. Therefore, this study aims to compare the Me...
Validation of a Mediterranean Diet Scoring System for Intervention Based Research
Reeve EH, Picicci F and Deborah L Feairheller, PhD, FACSM
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 27, 2021
A Mediterranean diet pattern is cardioprotective and positively correlated with lower chronic disease risk. Certain vulnerable populations would benefit greatly from a Mediterranean diet to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, and clinical diet intervention research typically uses diet recall questionnaires. This type of dietary tracking leads to assumptions and not an actual ability to accurately track Mediterranean diet adherence in the short-term. Thus, the purpose of this study is to test the...
Caloric Intake and its Effect on Aging and Cognitive Slowing: A Review of the Research into Intermittent Fasting
Lindsay Talemal, BS
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 04, 2021
Aging has been defined as the biological changes occurring during a lifetime that result in a decreased resistance to cellular stress, more vulnerability to disease, and increased likelihood of death. Some mechanisms of aging that will be discussed in this paper include instability of genomes, neuroendocrine secreted factors, production of reactive oxygen species, altered calcium levels, and inflammation. Aging rates are species-specific, which suggests a strong genetic influence. However, one m...
Severe Acute Malnutrition Treatment Cure Rate for Under-Five Children Admitted in Stabilizing Center: North Wet Ethiopia 2021
Fassikaw Kebede Bizuneh, BSC, MPH, Nemera Eticha Bekonjo, BSC, MPH and Tsehay kebede,BA, MA
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 23, 2021
Sever Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem in developing countries especially among underprivileged and destitute life survivors population. It is more common among under-five children and responsible for accounting onethird deaths in worldwide. Information on SAM treatment outcome in therapeutic center at Benishangule Gumuze region is scarce. We assessed SAM treatment cure rate and associated factors among 6-59-month children at Pawe General Hospitals from February1, April 2, 2020...
“Let Food be Thy Medicine”: Diet and Supplements in Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Neha V Patel, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 20, 2021
The purpose of this review is to introduce options of dietary therapies and supplements as treatments for the treatment of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is a common condition with heterogeneity in pathogenesis and clinical presentation. Current treatment options are targeted at symptom relief with medications. Dietary therapy for IBS has been poorly studied in the past, however newer evidence suggests the use of certain diets, such as the low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disacchar...
Evaluation of My Nutrition Index in an IBD Patient Population
Chris Gennings, PhD, Laura Manning, MPH, RDN, CDN, Laurie Keefer, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 24, 2021
Measuring overall dietary nutritional value necessary for wellness is complex for healthy individuals, and even more so for patients suffering from complex diseases such as Crohn’s Disease. Clinical dieticians are challenged to provide beneficial dietary advice balanced against using incremental changes in patients’ selected diets to increase long-term adherence to dietary improvements. The My Nutrition Index (MNI) is a validated, personalized nutritional scale based on personal characterist...
Effect of High Dose Resistant Starch on Human Glycemic Response
Tongyu Ma and Chong-Do Lee
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: June 19, 2021
This study examined the effect of adding a high dose of resistant starch (RS) in plain muffins on human glycemic response in sedentary and abdominally obese individuals. A total of 8 participants were randomly assigned to two sequences of treatments (AB, BA) using a 2 × 2 randomized cross-over design. The treatment effect was tested with a muffin that contained 75g of digestible carbohydrates and 30g of RS as treatment condition (TRT, B), while the control effect was tested using a 75-g oral gl...