Table 3: Benefits of exercise for cardiovascular health and well-being.

Active Female Active Male Sedentary M/F
Obesity Negative Negative Positive/Negative
Hypertension Negative Negative Positive
Diabetes Negative Negative Positive
Hyperlipidemia Positive/Negative Positive/Negative Positive
CAC Negative Positive/Negative Positive
Abnormal Plaque morphology Negative Negative Positive
Poor nutrition No No Yes
Type I thinking No No Yes
Type II thinking Yes Yes No
Adverse cardiac events No No No
Longevity Yes Yes No