Table 4: Discriminative concurrent criterion validity of the beck hopelessness scale among the student nurses (n = 438).

Variable

No (%)

Mean (SD)

P value

t value

Cohenís d

GHQ-12 ≤ 2

GHQ-12 ≥ 3

247 (56.4%)

191 (43.6%)

1.58 (1.68)

7.18 (4.59)

< 0.001

-17.698

1.62

PHQ-9 ≤ 4

PHQ-9 ≥ 5

263 (60.0%)

175 (40.0%)

1.48 (1.38)

7.85 (4.36)

< 0.001

-22.084

1.97