Table 4: Examples for claims not supported by the cited evidence.



Active agent


“Improved upper GI tolerability profile vs an injectable NSAID”


The cited study only examined healthy participants, no actual patients.

“more rapid emergence and


Volatile anaesthetic

Study population consisted of patients undergoing lung surgery. The author states explicitly that other studies did not show any differences.

“is the ideal agent for a variety of patients and procedures – […] asthma/ COPD”

Short-acting opioid

Study was conducted with eleven healthy probands.

“True 12-hour dosing that lasts”

Oral opioid

Pharmacokinetic study with healthy probands, without any results

concerning effectiveness.