Table 6: Estimation of risk (OR) between hypertension and different covariates among elderly by gender

Variables Men Women
WC 1.6 (1.2-2.1) ** 2.6 (2.0-3.3) **
WC 1.5 (1.1-2.0) ** 2.3 (1.8-3.1) **
BMI (> 23) 1.9 (1.4-2.5) ** 2.2 (1.7-2.8) **
BMI (= 23) 2.0 (1.6-2.7) ** 2.0 (1.6-2.7) **
Age (70-80 yrs) 1.1 (0.9-1,3) 1.7 (1.3-2.2) **
Age (> 80 yrs) 1.6 (1.1-2.5) * 2.3 (1.4-3.8) **
Tobacco 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Alcohol 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.7 (0.4-1.5)
Salt (5-7g) 1.1 (0.7-1.6) 1.6 (1.1-2.4) **
Salt (>7g) 1.0 (0.7-1.5 1.8 (1.2-2.6) **
Sugar (2nd tertile) 1.1 (0.7-1.8) 1.5 (0.9-2.4)
Sugar(3rd tertile) 1.1 (0.7-1.8) 1.9 (1.2-3.1) **
Sedentary physical activity 1.7 (1.4-2.1) ** 3.1 (2.2-4.4) **
Wealth index(2nd tertile) 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) **
Wealth index(3rd tertile) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) ** 2.9 (2.1-3.9) **


Note: Figures in parenthesis indicate 95% Confidence Interval. OR: Odds ratio. Symbol * indicated p< 0.05 and ** indicates p< 0.01
Confounding variables are age, community, type of house, head occupation and education, family size and land holding.
BMI: Body Mass Index; WC: Waist Circumference