Table1: Comparison between studied groups

 

Parameters

 

Control

CKD

HD patients

P

No. of patients

 

30

30

30

 

Age (years)

 

52.2 13

55 12

56 10

> 0.05

Sex

Male: (n, %) (46, 51.1%)

Female: (n, %) (44, 48.9%)

 

 

14, 15.6 %

16, 17.8%

 

18, 20%

12, 13.3%

 

14, 15.6 %

16, 17.8%

 

> 0.05

Body mass index

 

29.1 6.6

27.1 6.2

27.9 5.9

> 0.05

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

 

129 8

136 20

135 14

> 0.05

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)

 

83 4.3

83 8

83 7

> 0.05

Heart rate ( b /min)

 

93 8

85 8.6

90 9

< 0.001

Serum creatinine (mg/dl)

 

0.74 0.12

3.9 0.9

8.1 1.9

< 0.001

Blood urea( mg/dl)

 

27.5 10

110 44

155 35

< 0.001

eGFR (ml/min)

 

107 8.9

24.8 5.9

------

< 0.001

Serum calcium (mg/dl)

 

9.8 0.57

8.6 0.88

8.6 0.75

> 0.05

Serum phosphorus ( mg/dl

 

4.5 0.32

5.4 0.95

6.0 1.1

< 0.001

Parathyroid hormone (pg/ml)

 

28 14

227 103

449 259

< 0.001

Hemoglobin levels (g/dl)

 

12.2 1.1

10.8 1

10.8 1.3

< 0.001

Serum uric acid (mg/dl)

 

6.5 1.5

7.1 1.6

6.2 1.24

> 0.05

Serum albumin (g/dl0

 

4.2 0.32

3.5 0.63

3.8 0.47

< 0.001

Random blood glucose (mg/dl)

 

106 17

116 20

115 21

> 0.05

Cholesterol (mg/dl0

 

200 17

211 20

212 27

> 0.001

Triglycerides (mg/dl)

 

144 26

142 34

154 47

> 0.001

LDL (mg/dl)

 

106 9.6

109 15.6

114 16.7

> 0.001

Left ventricular end diastolic dimension (mm)

 

4.62 0.45

5.18 0.96

5.16 0.81

< 0.05

Left ventricular end systolic dimension (mm)

 

3.07 0.47

3.53 0.89

3.83 0.87

< 0.05

Ejection fraction %

 

68.9 4.6

65.3 4.5

64.2 7.4

< 0.05

Fractional shortening %

 

37.8 2.4

36 2.6

35.5 4.2

< 0.05

Left atrial dimension (mm)

 

3.2100

4.1333

4.2633

< 0.001

cardiac output (ml/min)

 

5908 296

6494 1026

7921 655

< 0.001

Pulmonary artery pressure( mmHg)

 

23 3.8

36 9

44 10

< 0.001