Table 3: Laboratory parameters during treatment in DKA

Parameter With infections mean SD Without infections mean SD P value
Anion gap at adm 28 5.22 27.2 5.34 0.58
Anion gap at 6hrs 22.47 6.6 21.64 4.91 0.54
Mean fluids at ER ml/kg 22.4 23 16.12 13.7 0.13
Base deficit 28.08 6.3 21.6 7.8 0.008
Tco2 4.92 2.95 7.29 5.03 0.08
Hct at admission 39.03 7.45 39.68 6.37 0.64
Urea mg/dl 48.23 31.0 37.32 16.6 0.014
Glucose mg/dl 507 108 519 113 0.436
pH at admission 7.03 0.19 7.11 0.14 0.02
pH at 6 hours 7.19 0.18 7.27 0.12 0.009
Sodium mEq/L 144 017 142 6.03 0.48
Sodium at 6 hrs 141.3 10.5 138 6.86 0.058
Osmolality at adm Mosm/l 303.4 14.57 302 12.7 0.87
Osmolality at 6 hrs Mosm/l 298.5 20.95 288 20.6 0.016
hrs for gl to reach 250mg/dl 9 8.4 9.8 13.3 0.72
Hrs of acidosis duration 45 50.39 22 18.8 0.016
Insulin infusion hours 49.15 49 25.6 19.69 0.00
Hrs of IV fluids 50.3 49 26.54 19.9 0.00
HBA1c 11.57 2.55 12.17 2.9 0.25
Hosp stay days 9.67 6.96 7.54 4.40 0.046