Table 1: Clinical characteristics of subject according to diabetic status

Characteristics Non-diabetes Diabetes P values
Age (years) 43.78 1.48 46.57 1.10 0.130
BMI (kg/m2) 22.62 .49 23.25 .42 0.325
Waist circumference (cm) 76.23 0.83 81.62 .97 < 0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.93 0.082 11.19 0.48 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 208.75 16.82 230.71 12.85 0.297
HDL-C (mg/dl) 39.64 2.34 33.55 1.18 0.018
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg 123.74 2.81 128.71 2.07 0.151
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77.34 1.28 80.08 0.96 0.087
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 208.14 8.92 198.60 8.24 0.433
LDL-C (mg/dl) 138.85 7.66 129.43 8.05 0.400
HOMA-IR 1.64 0.22 5.82 0.55 < 0.001
Insulin (U/ml) 10.36 3.61 15.39 1.69 0.174


Data are mean S.E and t-test for normally distributed data; BMI: Body Mass Index, HDL-C: High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, LDL-C: Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, HOMA-IR: Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance.