Table 2: Primary and secondary outcomes: adjusted regression coefficient or odds
ratio for electronic insulin protocol group to historical control group to
historical control group.
Outcome 
Control
group (N
= 87) 
Study
group (N = 136) 
Adjusted^{a} regression coefficient or odds
ratio (95% Cl) 
p 

Mean
blood glucose during the first 120 hours 





Mean
blood glucose (mmol/L) 
8.7 
8.65 
0.08
(0.61, 0.46)^{b} 
0.776 

Glycemic
range during the first 120 hours 





Hyperglycemic
range ( > 10.0 mmol/L) 
311
(28.4%) 
572
(25.8%) 
2.85
(9.79, 4.09)^{b} 
0.419 

Hypoglycemic
range ( < 4.0 mmol/L 
16
(1.5%) 
28
(1.26%) 
0.75
(1.74, 0.24)^{b} 
0.138 

Glucose
variability during the first 120 hours 





Variability
during the first 120 hours 
8.75 
6.38 
2.63
(4.93, 0.33)^{b} 
0.025 

Hypoglycemia
during the first 120 hours 





Hypoglycemia
( < 2.9 mmol/L) during the first 120 hours 
16
(1.5%) 
28
(1.26) 
0.42
(0.14, 1.25)^{c} 
0.12 

Hospital
outcomes 





Ward
length of stay (days) 
9.6 
11.1 
0.26
(2.32, 2.84)^{b} 
0.842 

Inhospital
mortality 
9 
4 
0.14
(0.03, 0.64)^{c} 
0.011 

Transfer
to ICU 
7 
2 
0.13
(0.02, 0.85)^{c} 
0.034 
^{a}Adjusted for age, diabetes type, main hospital diagnosis (LRTI or
acute cardiac condition), and chronic therapy at admission (metformin, insulin)^{b}
Adjusted regression coefficient^{c} Adjusted
regression coefficient