Table 1: Periodontal diseases associated with hematological disorders.

Disorder Etiology Clinical oral signs/symptoms Therapy
Chronic benign neutropenia Decrease in absolute number of neutrophils Oral ulcerations
Chronic gingivitis
Chronic periodontitis
Professional cleanings for dental plaque control and removal of calculus
Leukemia Uncontrolled proliferation of white blood cells Gingival swelling bleeding Oral ulcerations Plaque control, mechanical debridement