Table 4: Analysis of postoperative pain score (VAS) and satisfaction levels (CCS) in 78 patients post open underlay mesh repair of small ventral hernias

Parameter Number of patients, n (%) Total
Mesh Placement Intraperitoneal Extra-peritoneal
VAS Scorea
Total number of patients 60 18 78
No pain (≤0.5 cm) 54 (90%) 14 (77.8%) 68 (87.2%)
Mild pain (>0.5 to ≤4.5 cm) 2 (3.3%) 3 (16.7%) 5 (6.4%)
Moderate pain (>4.5 to ≤7.5 cm) 2 (3.3%) 1 (5.5%) 3 (3.8%)
Severe pain (>7.5 cm) 2 (3.3%) 0 (0%) 2 (2.6%)
CCS Scoreb
Total number of patients 60 18 78
Very satisfied (≤0.05) 52 (86.7%) 15 (83.3%) 67 (85.9%)
Satisfied (>0.5 to ≤0.3) 5 (8.3%) 3 (16.7%)c 8 (10.2%)
Neutral (>0.3 to ≤0.6) 1 (1.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)
Unsatisfied (>0.6) 2 (3.3%) 0 (0%) 2 (2.6%)


aVAS, Visual Analog Scale (in centimeters);bCCS, Carolinas Comfort Scale, calculated as x value divided by maximum result of 115 (or 100 when patient unable to exercise);cOne patient experiencing discomfortfrom post hysterectomy scar, but not from the hernia repair.