Table 2: Short-term results.

 

Laparoscopic (n=64)

Open (n=64)

p-value

Length of stay (days)

 

Median (25:75 percentile)

2 (2:4)

4 (4:5)

 

Mean SD

3.1 SD 3.0

5.0 SD 2.7

0.001

Operative time (minutes) - median (range)

92 (37 - 273)

105 (54 - 240)

0.042

Blood loss (mL) - median (range)

100 (0 - 2500)

500 (0 - 2800)

< 0.001

Patients receiving transfusion - n (%)

4 (6 %)

6 (9 %)

0.441

Resection margin

 

R0 - n (%)

59 (92 %)

58 (91 %)

0.752

Patients with complications - n (%)

19/64 (30 %)

22/64 (34 %)

0.570

Clavien-Dindo grade* n (%)

 

I (%)

8 (13 %)

8 (13 %)

 

II (%)

8 (13 %)

10 (14.5)

 

IIIa (%)

2 (3 %)

1 (2 %)

 

IIIb (%)

1 (2 %)

3 (5 %)

0.590

Total number of complications**

19

28

 

Bile leakage

0

1

 

Pneumothorax

0

1

 

Liver abscess

2

1

 

Postoperative bleeding

1

1

 

Wound related

4

3

 

Urinary tract

5

9

 

Pulmonary

2

2

 

Cardiac

1

0

 

Miscellaneous

4

10

 

 

*Includes only the highest grade in patients with multiple complications.

**Includes all complications in patients with multiple complications.

R0: resection margin microscopically cancer free.