Table 2: Comparison of risk factors between the high and low TACS groups.

 

Variables

TACS ≥ the 75th percentile (n = 25)

TACS ≤ the 75th percentile (n = 75)

P value

Age, years

Smoker

Body mass index, kg/m2

Body surface area

Diabetes mellitus

Hypertension

Dyslipidemia

Arteriopathy

Chronic kidney disease

History of CHVA

Preoperative use of IABP

LVEF, %

Left main coronary disease

OPCAB

Logistic Euro SCORE (%)

71.1 6.8

12 (48.0)

24.3 2.7

1.7 0.2

16 (64.0)

23 (92.0)

9 (36.0)

7 (28.0)

4 (16.0)

8 (32.0)

2 (8.0)

52.5 17.7

7 (28.0)

16 (64.0)

8.3 6.2

64.5 9.0

40 (53.3)

24.2 3.1

1.7 0.1

34 (45.3)

50 (66.7)

32 (42.7)

15 (20.0)

11 (14.7)

10 (13.3)

7 (9.3)

56.9 13.8

19 (25.3)

48 (64.0)

5.0 5.4

0.001

0.653

0.905

0.588

0.165

0.018

0.642

0.413

1.000

0.067

1.000

0.201

0.797

1.000

0.013

 

TACS: Thoracic Aortic wall Calcium Score

CVA: Cerebro Vascular Accident

IABP: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

LVEF: Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction

OPCAB: Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Euroscore: European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation.