Table 4: Different additives used in plastic production, their effects and the plastic types.

Toxic Additives Uses Public health effect(S) Plastic types
Bisphenol A Plasticizers, can liner Mimics oestrogen, Ovarian disorder Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), Polycarbonate (PC)
Phthalates Plasticizers, artificial fragrances Interference with testosterone, sperm motility Polystyrene (PS), Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Pesticides, flame retardants, etc. Possible neurological and reproductive damage All plastics
Dioxins Formed during low temperature combustion of PVC Carcinogen, interferes with testosterone All plastics
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) Use in making pesticides Developmental and reproductive toxicity All plastics
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) Dielectrics in electrical equipment Interferes with thyroid hormone All plastics
Styrene monomer Breakdown product Carcinogen, can form DNA adducts Polystyrene
Nonylphenol Anti-static, anti-fog, surfactant (in detergents) Mimics oestrogen PVC

Source: [76].