Table 1: Descriptive statistics of measures, Nepal 2011 (N = 4,018).

 

Measures

Sample (n)

Mean (Median)/

Proportion

Std. Dev.

Confidence

Intervals (95%)

Outcome measure

 

 

 

 

Antenatal care visit††

 

 

 

 

††† Total number of visits

4,018

3.63 (4.00)

2.54

3.55-3.71

††† Four or more visits(= 1)

2,121

0.53

0.49

0.51-0.54

Explanatory measures

 

 

 

 

Who usually decides on respondent's health care?

 

 

 

 

††† Women alone

915

0.23

0.42

0.21-0.24

††† Husband and wife both

1,519

0.38

0.48

0.36-0.39

††† Husband only

963

0.24

0.48

0.23-0.25

††† Others

621

0.15

0.43

0.14-0.17

Who usually decides on large household purchases?

 

 

 

 

††† Women alone

1,099

0.27

0.45

0.26-0.29

††† Husband and wife both

867

0.22

0.41

0.20-0.23

††† Husband only

892

0.22

0.42

0.21-0.23

††† Others

1,160

0.29

0.45

0.27-0.30

Who usually decides on visits to family or relatives?

 

 

 

 

††† Women alone

971

0.24

0.43

0.23-0.25

††† Husband and wife both

1.204

0.30

0.46

0.29-0.31

††† Husband only

719

0.18

0.38

0.17-0.19

††† Others

1,124

0.28

0.45

0.27-0.29

Controls

 

 

 

 

Motherís characteristics

 

 

 

 

Age (years)

4,018

26.9

6.04

26.80-27.17

Age squared

4,018

764.8

360.1

753.65-775.93

Education

 

 

 

 

††† No education

1,728

0.43

0.50

0.41-0.45

††† Primary

807

0.20

0.40

0.19-0.21

††† Secondary

1,214

0.30

0.46

0.29-0.32

††† Higher education

269

0.07

0.25

0.06-0.08

††† Number of children ever born

4,018

2.64 (2.00)

1.81

2.59-2.70

††† Currently living with spouse/partner (Yes = 1)

2,638

0.66

0.47

0.64-0.67

Occupation

 

 

 

 

††† Not working

954

0.24

0.43

0.22-0.25

††† Professional, clerical, service

420

0.10

0.36

0.09-0.11

††† Agriculture

2,463

0.61

0.37

0.60-0.63

††† Others (skilled, unskilled and others)

181

0.05

0.43

0.04-0.05

Caste/ethnicity

 

 

 

 

Bahun/Chhetri

1,529

0.38

0.49

0.37-0.40

Terai Others

277

0.07

0.25

0.06-0.08

Hill Dalit

564

0.03

0.35

0.13-0.15

Terai Dalit

126

0.03

0.17

0.03-0.04

Newar

115

0.03

0.17

0.02-0.03

Hill Janajati

905

0.23

0.42

0.21-0.24

TeraiJanajati

348

0.09

0.28

0.08-0.10

Muslims

143

0.04

0.19

0.03-0.04

Husbandís education

 

 

 

 

††No education

732

0.18

0.38

0.17-0.19

††† Primary

981

0.24

0.43

0.23-0.26

††† Secondary

1,793

0.45

0.50

0.43-0.46

††† Higher

512

0.13

0.33

0.12-0.14

Husbandís occupation

 

 

 

 

†† Professional/clerical

661

0.16

0.37

0.15-0.18

††† Service

1,034

0.26

0.44

0.24-0.27

††† Skilled manual

616

0.15

0.36

0.14-0.16

††† Unskilled manual

641

0.16

0.37

0.15-0.17

††† Agriculture

957

0.24

0.43

0.23-0.25

††† Others (others and donít know)

109

0.03

0.31

0.02-0.03

Wealth index

 

 

 

 

†† Lowest quartile

1,136

0.28

0.45

0.27-0.30

†† Second

815

0.20

0.40

0.19-0.22

†† Third

731

0.18

0.39

0.17-0.19

†† Fourth

669

0.17

0.37

0.15-0.18

†† Highest quartile

667

0.17

0.37

0.15-0.18

Distance to health facility

 

 

 

 

A big problem

2,164

0.54

0.50

0.17-0.19

Geo-ecological regions

 

 

 

 

†† Mountain

734

0.18

0.38

0.17-0.19

†† Hill

1,627

0.40

0.49

0.39-0.42

†† Terai

1,657

0.41

0.49

0.40-0.43

Rural-urban residence

 

 

 

 

†† Rural

885

0.78

0.41

0.77-0.79

†† Urban

3,133

0.22

0.41

0.21-0.23