Table 2: Descriptive characteristics of the study population, mean SD or number (%).

 

Characteristics

Study population (n = 307)

Age (years)

60.5 14.0

Sex Male

115 (37.5)

Nationalities

Thai

Myanmar

Lao

Other Asian

African

 

299 (97.4)

2 (0.7)

1 (0.3)

4 (1.3)

1 (0.3)

Comorbidities

Hypertension

Diabetes mellitus

Dyslipidemia

Chronic kidney disease

Cerebrovascular disease

Coronary artery disease

 

248 (80.8)

110 (35.8)

74 (24.1)

46 (15)

20 (6.5)

22 (7.2)

Risk factors

Smoker

Alcohol drinker

 

39 (12.7)

36 (11.7)

Causes of ER visit

Being transferred from outpatient department

Visiting emergency room directly

 

120 (30.1)

187 (60.9)

Symptoms

Chest pain

Dyspnea

Headache

Epistaxis

Palpitation

Dizziness

 

13 (4.2)

41 (13.4)

57 (18.6)

2 (0.7)

7 (2.3)

54 (17.6)

Hemodynamic parameters

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)

Heart rate (bpm)

 

200 (144-284)*

106.7 16.7

139.3 14.2

80.9 16.9

Classification of Hypertensive crisis

Hypertensive emergency

 

60 (19.5)

Acute end-organ damage#

Hypertensive encephalopathy

Cerebral infarction

Acute myocardial infarction

Acute decompensate heart failure

Intracerebral hemorrhage

Aortic dissection

Eclampsia

Acute renal failure

Retinopathy

 

0

14 (4.6)

3 (1)

31 (10.1)

8 (2.6)

0

0

10 (3.3)

2 (0.7)

Disposition

Admit

Refer

Discharge

 

56 (18.2)

9 (2.9)

242 (78.8)

 

*Value was represented as median (range).

#This table shown all organs injury and some patients have more than one target organs damage.