Table 3: Comparison of the characteristics between groups and hypertensive emergency (HE) hypertensive urgency (HU), mean SD or number (%).

 

Characteristics

Hypertensive crisis

P-value

Emergency

(n = 60)

Urgency

(n = 247)

Age (years)

61.0 13.0

60.3 14.3

0.745

Sex Male

29 (48.3)

86 (34.8)

0.055

Risk factors

Hypertension

Diabetes mellitus

Dyslipidemia

Chronic kidney disease

Cerebrovascular disease

Coronary artery disease

 

47(78.3)

24 (40)

16 (26.7)

12 (20)

4 (6.7)

6 (10)

 

201 (81.4)

86 (34.8)

58 (23.5)

34 (13.8)

16 (6.5)

16 (6.5)

 

0.592

0.453

0.605

0.225

1.000

0.400

Smoker

Alcohol drinker

9 (20)

11 (27.5)

30 (14.9)

25 (17.1)

0.400#

0.141#

Causes of ER visit

Being transferred from outpatient department

Visiting emergency room directly

 

2 (3.3)

58 (96.7)

 

118 (47.8)

129 (52.2)

 

< 0.001*

Symptoms

Chest pain

Dyspnea

Headache

Epistaxis

Palpitation

Dizziness

 

7(11.7)

26 (43.3)

6 (10)

0 (0)

0 (0)

5 (8.3)

 

6 (2.4)

15 (6.1)

51 (20.6)

2 (0.8)

7 (2.8)

49 (19.8)

 

0.005*

< 0.001*

0.057

1.000

0.353

0.036*

Hemodynamic parameters

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)

Heart rate (bpm)

 

200(184-284)

110.8 21.0

142.5 18.9

85.2 21.0

 

200(144-264)

105.7 15.3

138.5 12.7

79.9 15.7

 

0.716

0.081

0.126

0.068

 

Values were represented as median (range)

Significant at p < 0.05

Missing values ​​were excluded before the statistical calculation.