International Journal of

Sports and Exercise MedicineISSN: 2469-5718

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510168

The Significance of Early Repolarization and Incomplete Right Bundle Block in Athletes

Samir Rafla, MD, PhD

Article Type: Brief Communication | First Published: June 12, 2020

The study included hundred persons engaged in competitive sports for duration not less than 6 months; with training at least 3 days per week and at least two hours per day. All were males. Full history especially questioning for syncope, tachycardias or chest pain was obtained as well as family history of sudden death or coronary disease. ECG was done for all plus echo Doppler in some cases. Early repolarization was accepted present if J point is elevated more than one mm in LII, III, aVF or in ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510165

Vegan Diet in Sports and Exercise – Health Benefits and Advantages to Athletes and Physically Active People: A Narrative Review

Katharina C Wirnitzer

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 15, 2020

Health is one factor in leading a fulfilled life. Since food and sport are considered to be ‘medicines’, their continuous inter- related application is a highly effective but simple tool for improving individual health. However, being a healthy human is a prerequisite for becoming a successful athlete. Vegan diets are booming in the mainstream and in sport. From current sporting success all the way back to ancient times, it is evident that vegans can win races up to professional levels and e...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510162

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Needs Analysis

Trevor Shaw

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 23, 2020

The physical nature and needs of the athletes in the sport of Brazilian jiu-jitsu are unique. Depending on the style and competition selection, athletes are exposed to a wide variety of match times, making the endurance, strength, and even flexibility demands variable. Beginner matches start at a length of 5 minutes, where high-level competition can go up to 20 minutes in a single round. Each of these requires very different physical attributes depending on the style of the bout. For the sake of...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510161

Influence of Aerobic Exercise on Sleep and Salivary Melatonin in Men

Kaylee M Pobocik, PT, DPT, Seth A Von Rentzell, Abigail J Leonard, Amber N Daye and Elizabeth S Evans, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 16, 2020

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that affects approximately 50-70 million US adults. Previous studies have examined the impact of exercise as a non-pharmacologic mechanism for improving sleep and reducing insomnia. The body’s melatonin secretion is considered an internal sleep regulator (as opposed to external sleep regulators such as medications) and may be improved by regular exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an 8-week aerobic exercise intervention on n...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510146

Low or Adequate Carbohydrate Diet and Aerobic Exercise Decrease Cardiometabolic Risk in Overweight Women: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Raquel Simoes Mendes-Netto, Ana Carolina Santos Barbosa Machado, Barbara Lucia Fonseca Chagas, Marina de Macedo Rodrigues Leite, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Danielle Góes da Silva and Marzo Edir da Silva Grigoletto

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 04, 2019

To evaluate the efficacy of a low carbohydrate diet on body composition and cardiometabolic markers in overweight women undergoing endurance physical training. A randomized, controlled clinical trial included 24 overweight women, 8 of whom consumed low-calorie diets containing an adequate carbohydrate content, while 16 consumed a low carbohydrate diet. The women regularly performed semi-supervised physical exercise (walking/running) for 12 weeks. Body composition (weight, abdominal and hip circu...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510145

Injuries of Futsal Players and Prevention in China

Wu Jianxi, Hu Xianxiao, Zhao Lei and Xia Shushu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 26, 2019

Futsal has become an important form of “campus football”. It can provide important supports to sustainable development of “campus football” by studying injuries futsal players. In this study, the injured position and causes of futsal players were analyzed through questionnaire survey, comparison and literature review. It concludes that ankle is the most vulnerable position of futsal players to injuries, followed by waist, knee joint, head and face, hip and thigh successively. Waist is th...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510144

Simultaneous Rupture of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Medial Collateral Ligament and Patellar Tendon: A Case Series, Review of the Literature, and Proposed Treatment Algorithm

Matthew Quinn, Nicholas Lemme, Anna King DO and Ramin R. Tabaddor

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 25, 2019

Patellar Tendon (PT) rupture in combination with an anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL) +/- a Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) injury is a rarely reported injury pattern. We report the cases of three athletes who sustained simul-taneous rupture of their PT, ACL and MCL while competing. They were treated in a staged manner with acute pri-mary repair of the patellar tendon and MCL followed by a rehabilitation period. Reconstruction of the ACL was performed once range of motion and strength of ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510143

Acute Heart Rate Responses to Resistance Exercise at Different Cadences

Marc R Apkarian

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 21, 2019

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether movement speed, or cadence, affects the heart rate (HR) response to three sets of 10 repetitions of resistance exercise at slow (6 seconds/repetition) and fast (2 seconds/repetition) cadences. When three sets of 10 repetitions are performed on the angled leg press at a slow cadence, a significant increase in peak HR occurs for the sets, while the fast cadence does not demonstrate an increase in peak HR values. The is presumed in part due to infl...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510142

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Platelet Rich Plasma: Systematic Review


Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2019

The aim of this study was reviewed the scientific evidence of the relationship that could exist between the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) after the reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). We performed a systematic using the following key words: platelet rich plasma AND anterior cruciate ligament. Abstracts were screened by a single reviewer. For those studies meeting the eligibility criteria, full-text articles were obtained. From 127 studies found only 5 articles were includ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510141

A Comparison of Physical Activity Levels between On-Line and Campus University Students

Kelly R Rice, Justin S Fuller, Darren J Dutto, John M Schuna Jr and Timothy K Behrens

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 05, 2019

A total of 238 participants enrolled at a regional university in Oregon with a significant online presence (58% of student head count).PA levels of on-campus and online students were assessed during April 2014 via an online electronic questionnaire. PA queries were based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) questions regarding PA. Costs to treat diseases associated with a lack of regular physical activity have a distinctly negative impact on the American health care system...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510140

The Relationship between Anaerobic Power Output and Race Performance during Marathon Canoe and Kayak Competition

Andrew Hatchett, Charles Allen, Kaitlyn Armstrong and Brittany Hughes

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019

Paddle sports are low impact activities that result in high aerobic demand. Although this sport relies on the aerobic system, with the addition of shorter distances in competition settings it has led to interest in the importance of anaerobic capacity. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anaerobic power and endurance paddle race performance. Fifty (n = 50) endurance paddle athletes completed a 13-mile course either by kayak or canoe. A modified Wingate anaerobic po...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510139

Burundi Population Awareness about Gout and the Pivotal Role Played by Physical Exercise in Prevent and Managing Gout Relating Problems

NGAYIMBESHA Adrien, BIZIMANA Jean Berchmans and GAKIMA Marie Stella

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019

Prevalence and incidences of gout disease had shown an increasing trend all over the world including in developing countries. In underdeveloped countries like Burundi, there is no information about this disease situation, and the population may lack sufficient knowledge to prevent this metabolic pathology. Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that may sometimes be called gouty arthritis. Gout develops in some people who have high levels of uric acid in their body and bloodstream, a condition...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510138

Balance in Transitional Age Youth with Autism Spectrum and Neurodevelopmental Disorders during a 6-Week Comprehensive Wellness Program

Eve Spratt, MD, MSCR, Carrie Papa, Conner McDonald, COM, Martina Mueller, PhD, Nicole Gribben, MPH-PAPH, PhD Student, Carolyn Peterseim, COM, Mary Ashley Mercer, MD, Ali Serpe, MD, Tatiana Baier, PhD and Janis Newton

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 25, 2019

Young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk of poor balance and coordination due to sensory deficits. Specifically, reactive postural control impairments have been well documented among individual’s with ASD, however, research suggests that interventions can improve these associated deficiencies. The Piece It Together (PIT) program is a community-based comprehensive program designed to provide wellness opportunities among teens and young adults with ASD and other ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510137

Treatment of Direct Head of the Rectus Femoris Injury with PRP Therapy in a Division I Basketball Player

Matthew Quinn, BS, Nicholas Lemme, MD, Phillip Salko, MD and Ramin R. Tabaddor, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 22, 2019

The Rectus Femoris (RF) is the most commonly injured quadriceps muscle and is second only to the hamstring in prevalence amongst lower extremity injuries occurring in athletes. For most high-level athletes, injuries involving these anatomical structures takes an average of 38 days for return to sport. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), is an orthobiologic that is commonly used in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. PRP acts as a catalyst in the healing process by using the patient's own blood to...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510136

Effects of Different Methods of Resistance Training on Indicators of Daily Physical Fitness in Physically Active Elderly Women

Ilmar Danilo Santos Lima, Antonio Gomes de Resende-Neto, Jose Carlos Aragao-Santos, Albernon Costa Nogueira, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Bruna Caroline Oliveira Andrade, Iohanna Gilnara Santos Fernandes and Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 29, 2019

Aging is an intrinsic process of the human being linked to functional deteriorations in several systems, affecting the quality of life due to the inability to perform the simple tasks of the day to day in an autonomous, efficient and safe way. In addition, the female sex is also considered an independent risk factor for functional capacity decline. When compared to men, women are more affected by senescence due to hormonal changes associated with menopause that intensify muscle weakness and incr...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510135

Complex Hip Spine Syndrome in Young Athlete: A Diagnosis Dilemma

Mohamad Azwan Aziz and Redzal Abu Hanifah

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2019

This is a case of Mr. D, a 32 Chinese gentleman. He is an active in recreational body building exercise for 10 years with an athletic physique. He was diagnosed with prolapse intervertebral disc in the past 7 years however his condition worsening for the past 3 years with multiple episode of severe back pain requiring admission and he develops reduces sensation over left lower limb at L3 and L4 dermatomes associated with reduced motor power in dorsiflexion of ankle and extension of big toe over ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510134

Immune Response in a Pediatric Cancer Patient after a One-Week Skiing Intervention

Nicolas Kurpiers, Nico de Lazzari, Nils von Neuhoff and Stefan Flohr

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 05, 2019

Moderate physical activity possesses positive effects on the immune system function. Numerous studies investigated such effects also in cancer patients. As most studies were conducted on adults, much less is known in children and adolescents. Moreover, most studies were conducted under laboratory conditions in order to control the duration and intensity of the activity. However, daily life also includes outdoor activities....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510133

The Great Difficulties for our Obese and Hypertensive Patients to have Physical Activities

N Ali-Tatar, A Derradji, R Guermaz, D Hakem, B Mohammedi, M Brouri, A Berrah and MT Chentir

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 21, 2019

A sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity affects more than half of the population worldwide. Despite the burdens that obesity and diabetes impose on our society, awareness of the cardiovascular disease as a result, is poor. What about primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in our population with obesity and diabetes? To investigate the feasibility in our daily practice of Cardiovascular (CV) primary prevention in Algerian patients without established cardiovascular disease....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510132

Proof of Concept: Taking the Guessing out of Assessing Knee Stability

Dawn Gulick

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 20, 2019

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is frequently assessed using the Lachman test. This test involves linear translation of the tibia on the femur. Meta-analysis and systematic reviews report a wide range of diagnostic accuracy. The purpose of this case report was to establish a proof of concept using a novel device, the Mobil-Aider, to accurately quantify linear translation of the tibia on the femur....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510131

Screening and Injury Surveillance for a Contemporary Dance Company: A Pilot Study

Chia Kok Kiong Jason

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 20, 2019

Information on the profile of dancers as well as patterns and extent of dance injuries is useful to dance community in implementing injury prevention measures. However, there is little published data on injuries in the Singapore dance population. Nine dancers underwent anthropometric measurement, dance specific screening as well as Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The dancers were interviewed for each injury that developed over a year to establish diagnosis as well as gather data on the circums...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510130

The Change in Kinematics and Lower Limb Muscle Activation Whilst Running after Cycling in a Triathlon and the Difference between Elite and Moderately Trained Triathletes: A Systematic Review

George Wilson, Jody Chappell and Richard Twycross-Lewis

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 31, 2019

Triathlon is a multi discipline endurance sport that involves the continuous completion of a swim, cycle and a run. There are various distance triathlons in which triathletes can compete, including: Sprint, Olympic and half or full Ironman distance. The sport has grown hugely in popularity and had its first introduction into the Olympics in year 2000. Its popularity is continuing to increase, according to the British Triathlon Federation the number of triathlon participants in Britain has increa...

Volume 5
Issue 5