Incidence of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Site Wound Infection among Frail Elderly Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Medical Center
Adolf Lim-Teodoro, MD, Mabel Angela Sarita, MD, Russel Semeniano, MD and Miguel Ramos Jr, MD, Ph.D
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 04, 2019
Nutrition is an important determinant of health in elderly patients. It also contributes to their overall quality of life and longevity. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to provide enteral access in patients who are unable to swallow to improve nutrition. PEG site infection is an important healthcare-associated infection and this study aims to determine the incidence and clinical profile of PEG site wound infections among elderly patients admitted in a tertiary medical center. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube was first described in 1980s and is a method of p...
Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Newborns: The Role of Neonatal Sepsis
Martina Fibbiani, Cristina Tuoni, Massimiliano Ciantelli, Serena Di Marco and Paolo Ghirri
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 04, 2019
Neonatal sepsis is an independent risk factor for the development of central nervous system injury, so preterm newborn, who is more exposed to infections, has a higher neurological risk. This research wanted to examine whether and how sepsis could influence preterm newborns neurodevelopmental outcome. Today prematurity is still a topical and globally discussed issue: 15 million preterm infants are born every year in the world and about 1 million of them dies because of the complications linked to preterm birth Looking at the immune system, preterm birth entails a development deficit in all its...
Interaction between Spatial and Temporal Scales for Entomological Field Data: Analysis of Aedes Aegypti Oviposition Series
Sofia Lanfri, Manuel Espinosa, Mario A Lanfri, Victoria M Periago, Marcelo Abril and Carlos M Scavuzzo
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 14, 2019
In Argentina, Aedes aegypti represents an important public health threat, since it is the vector responsible for the transmission of dengue, chikungunya, zika and yellow fever. Mundo Sano Foundation has been carrying out periodic surveys of immature vector stages in several cities of northern Argentina. The main tool to mitigate their spread is through vector control. Similarity between curves does not show spatial continuity in relation to the spatial arrangement of ovitraps, may be due to the effect of processes that are only observable at the microhabitat scale or due to sociodemographic fa...
Age Features of Periostal Callus Formation in Patients with Closed Fractures Bones of the Shoulder and of the Tibia
Schurov Vladimir Alekseevich, MD and Melnikova Lyudmila Vasilievna
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 30, 2019
Treatment of patients with fractures of the bones of the leg in an outpatient setting occurs under conditions of a forced increase in the axial load on the injured lower limb. The aim of the study was to determine the conditions for the formation of periosteal callus of the shoulder and lower leg and to assess the effect on its formation of the time frame for fixation of bone fragments in people of different ages under the conditions of treatment in the outpatient setting. In patients with a leg injury of working age with an increase in the number of past years, the size of the periosteal call...
State Infant Mortality Rate Calculations Vary by Classification of Pre-Viable Infants
Christine M. Swoboda, PhD, MS, Jason A Benedict, MS, Courtney Hebert, MD, Ann Scheck McAlearney ScD, MS and Timothy R Huerta, PhD, MS
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: September 12, 2019
When these data are used as the basis for policy making, they could potentially result in the mistargeting of resources from states with the greatest need to states whose levels of need may be overinflated based on an artifact of the reporting standard. In addition, the definitions create challenges when developing and delivering targeted interventions because they obscure the line between those infants and mothers who would benefit from postnatal interventions to prevent infant mortality (e.g., those born at gestational ages > 22 weeks) and those who require prenatal interventions (e.g., thos...
Limited Impact of Smoking Bans on Commercial Outdoor Dining Area in a Smoking Hot Spot: A Case Study
Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, John Birkett, Sharon O’Regan, Angela Daly and Peter Cavagnino
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
An evaluation of the implementation of smokefree commercial outdoor dining was carried out to evaluate proprietors awareness and preparedness for the implementation of Smoke-Free Outdoor Dining regulations in Liverpool, Australia. The study found limited effectiveness of the smoking bans in the area, despite a high level of awareness of key changes required and high level of preparedness for the smoke-free COD regulations. The majority of COD operators chose to provide a designated smoking area to allow patrons to continue to smoke legally. Over two thirds (69%) of operators were concerned/som...
Quality of Life in Chronic Hemodialysed Patients: Observational Study in Three Hemodialysis Units in Semi-Urban Areas of Senegal (West Africa)
Kane Yaya, Biao Hermann B, Faye Moustapha, Hamat Ibrahim, Lemrabott A Tall, Faye Maria, Sakho Diama, Camara Mame Selly, Cisse M Moustapha, Seck S Mohamed, Ka El Fary, Niang Abdou and Diouf Boucar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
End-stage renal failure has a significant impact on patients’ daily lives, which can be measured by quality of life questionnaires. The objective of this study was to assess the health condition related to quality of life in hemodialysed patients in three semi-urban hospitals of Senegal and to determine the factors associated with it. During an observational, transversal, descriptive and analytical study conducted for 2 months, between March 1st and April 30th, 2016, the patients’ records, in 3 cities, maintained under regular hemodialysis for at least 3 months and at least 18-years-old, h...
Support and Secrecy: A Qualitative Study of Influences on Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among Female Emirati College Students
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2019
We aimed to describe the behavior and perspective towards WTS among female Emirati college students and apply qualitative analysis to identify thematic influences that promote initiation and use. This study also explores attitudes towards the use of health-warning labels on tobacco products. The recordings of participants, were transcribed by a trained research assistant and cross-checked by a member of the research team. An initial transcript was coded around the main interview topics, and then applied to all data. Following careful line-by-line scrutiny of emergent themes and analysis to ide...
Heath Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Shrimp Acetes Sp. and Cincalok Collected in 2007 from Pantai Klebang, Peninsular Malaysia
Chee Kong Yap, Wan Hee Cheng, Mohd Hafetz Ali, Rosimah Nulit, Shih Hao Tony Peng, Mohamad Saupi Ismail and Chee Seng Leow
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2019
Sampling in Pantai Klebang, Melaka was done on 12th January 2007. The samples collected were Acetes sp. and the cincalok. The Acetes sp. was bought from the fishermen, while the cincalok was bought from the roadside. All collected shrimp samples were kept frozen until dissection was carried out. The frozen samples were thawed at room temperature and later on, cleaned with double-distilled water (DDW). The shrimps selected from the analysis had body lengths between 2.00-2.50 cm. Since most literature reported the shrimp's species from Malacca is Acetes indicus but further validation is required...